need vocational training
people in Lao Cai Province receive vocational training. — VNS Photo
CAO BANG — A new survey
shows the urgent need to provide vocational training for secondary school
graduates in rural Viet Nam to stop students from wasting their time and money
pursuing inappropriate tertiary education and to narrow the skills gap in
The survey by the
Education and Training Ministry’s Vocational Labour Centre in 11 poor
northern, central and southern provinces shows that while agriculture accounts
for 71 per cent of their economy, skilled workers hover at a mere 20 per cent.
As a result, both
productivity and average incomes are low – the highest per capita earnings
among the provinces is just US$400 a year.
The survey concludes that
the change in the economic structure, especially in agriculture, of Cao Bang,
Bac Kan, Dien Bien, Son La, Quang Ngai, Gia Lai, Dac Lac, Kon Tum, Dong Thap,
Bac Lieu, and Ca Mau provinces has not matched potential.
About 800,000 of the
students who graduate from Viet Nam’s secondary schools each year sit entrance
exams for tertiary institutions but only between 20 and 30 per cent pass.
Another 20 per cent of the
graduates make vocational school their first choice.
Those who fail to win
places at colleges and universities then find themselves bewildered as they
attempt to find work.
The practice is also
expensive and the 11 poor provinces are no exception to the ensuing waste.
Yet many provinces already
invest in vocational training.
For example, southern Dong
Thap Province has had 54 training centres that help more than 20,000 labours
each year, about half of them rural dwellers.
But the ministry’s
survey shows that numerous secondary-school graduates have yet to receive
The survey also identifies
a widening gap between the desire for learning among students measured against
their capacity and financial circumstances.
Although it is difficult
with neither the aptitude nor financial capacity to undertake higher learning,
90 per cent of them aspire to universities, colleges and vocational schools
while unemployable labour remains a major cause of poverty.
It will be impossible for
the 11 poorer provinces to steadily alleviate poverty if they are not be able to
deploy labour in addition to the appropriate restructure of their economies.
Vocational Labour Centre
director Nguyen Hung says his ministry will do its best to provide a panoramic
picture about the demand for vocational guidance in the surveyed provinces.
The picture will conform
with their socio-economic development as well as the capabilities of their
The centre will also
provide concrete vocational training programmes for female students as well as
those in difficult circumstance and minority students in the 11 provinces.
development project executive director Tran Nhu Tinh, says provinces that are
beneficiaries from the project will be provided with the expenditure and
professional advice necessary to meet the demand for vocational training.
It is hoped to have a
vocational training network in the 11 provinces by the end of this year. — VNS