|A view of Dolphin Plaza Hà Nội in Tu Liem District, Ha Noi. Viet Nam is targeting sustainable development with high-capacity and "green" growth. — Photo dwrm.gov.vn
HCM CITY (VNS) — Viet Nam is targeting sustainable development with high-capacity and "green" growth, and learning from the Asian Productivity Association is important, delegates heard at a seminar in HCM City yesterday on November 3.
"We would like to learn from APO's Taiwanese experts, who have a lot of experience in attracting finance for eco-industrial park development, and especially in recycling electrical and electronic products," Nguyen Nam Hai, deputy director of the Directorate for Standards, Metrology and Quality told the seminar titled "Promoting resource recovery incubator and technology park" in his opening speech.
Prof Chien-Te Fan of the National Tsing Hus University said, "Climate finance in 2014 reached the huge number of US$331 billion for all kinds of organisations, and some famous banks like the Asian Development Bank and European Banks are ready to support environment-related projects."
To take advantage of the financial support available, the Government, research institutes, enterprises, the financial sector, users, and consumers have to join hands to promote technology innovation, he said.
He feared there were many barriers to technology innovation like lack of skills and know-how; high production and procurement cost of equipment and raw materials; lack of adequate training and capacity building; high costs associated with intellectual property rights; lack of policy support; lack of interest among financial institutions; and lack of social interest.
"But building innovation capacity is the key to successful technology deployment, and co-operation between industrial and emerging economies could be a win-win solution."
Taiwanese and international NGOs will offer Viet Nam technical consultancy and help it apply for financial assistance.
The Vietnamese Government will apply for loans from international sources to set up environmental science and technology parks related to six industries: renewable energy and systems manufacturing; recycling of renewable resources; environmental protection technologies; environmental protection technologies; cleaner production technologies; and use of renewable energy to make renewable products.
"Eco-industrial parks aim to achieve zero waste and reduce carbon [emissions]," an expert from the Taiwan Green Productivity Foundation said.
An EIP can be designed with various conceptual structures like a single by-product exchange or network of exchange; a recycling business cluster; a collection of environmental technology companies; a collection of companies making "green" products; an industrial park designed around a single environmental theme; a park with environment-friendly infrastructure or construction; a mixed-use development (industrial, commercial, and residential).
"Eco-industrial parks can decrease resource consumption, reduce waste and pollution, enhance environmental quality," the Taiwanese expert said.
They would help cut costs and increase profits, provide jobs, improve businesses' image, increase the use of idle land, and promote development of sustainable cities, he said.
"To help Viet Nam, we can build environmental science and technology parks or upgrade existing industrial parks into EIPs."
Furthermore, from just computers, mobile phones, and television sets, HCM City generated electronic waste of around 6,140 tonnes in 2011.
It is forecast to rise to 6,510 – 7,910 tonnes this year and to 7,000 – 10,860 tonnes by 2020.
"The sources of e-waste in HCM City can be classified into two categories: households, offices, schools, hotels, manufacturers, and distributors [within the country] and from outside including illegal imports," Dr Tran Minh Chi of the Institute for Tropicalisation and Environment said.
The system for collecting electronic waste comprises vendor collectors, small depots and collection establishments/companies, and the waste is classified based on whether it can be used again or not.
"We would like to get more support from Taiwanese experts who have a lot of experience in treating e-waste," Chi added. — VNS