|A farmer feeds his tra fish in Mekong Delta's Can Tho City. Creating value chains is believed to be one of the solutions to overcoming declining sales, experts told a forum.— VNA/VNS Photo Tran Viet
HCM CITY (VNS) — The Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta needs to recover declining sales of Pangasius (tra) fish by creating value chains, speakers said at a forum on tra fish production held last week in Dong Thap Province.
Speaking at the event, Truong Dinh Hoe, general secretary of the Viet Nam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP), said tra fish was exported to 150 countries and territories with total revenue of more than US$1.8 billion a year. The EU is the largest export market for the fish.
However, in recent years, exports to the US, EU, the Netherlands, Spain and Germany dropped significantly.
The industry faced several challenges, such as weak financial capacity, outdated processing technology, high production costs due to high prices for materials and low survival rate of tra fish.
A representative of Dong Thap Advisory Board said the province was creating linkages between tra fish farmers and cooperatives based on planned breeding areas.
Nhu Van Can, deputy director of Dong Thap Province's Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, said Dong Thap had the largest output of tra fish, with nearly 1,500 hectares of breeding area.
But farmers who raise tra fish in the province suffered a loss of 1,000 – 2,000 per kg of tra fish over the last three years. To cope with this issue, many models that link farmers with businesses such as Vinh Hoan, Hung Ca, Hoang Long companies had been established, which had shown signs of success.
Vo Hung Dung, secretary of the Viet Nam Tra Fish Association, said that as of June 30, the Mekong Delta had an additional 1,959 ha under tra fish breeding, up by 0.21 per cent compared with the same period last year. The catch was estimated at 516,140 tonnes, a year-on-year increase of 1.22 per cent.
Total tra fish exports in the first five months were US$616.5 million, down by 7 per cent compared with the same period in 2014.
The price of tra fish used as materials for processing plants ranged from VND21,000 to VND24,500 per kilo in the first five months of the year.
In June 2015, tra fish prices dropped to VND19,000 – VND20,000, causing losses for farmers.
Some 10,000 tonnes of tra fish products are sold in the domestic market annually.
Nguyen Van Hung, director of the Dong Thap-based tra fish processor Hung Ca Ltd Company, said to ensure a stable supply of tra fish for the company's processing lines, his firm had collaborated with 306 tra fish breeders in the Mekong Delta for the last nine years.
Under this partnership, Hung Ca Company had provided breeders with animal feed and tra fish breeding technical know-how.
Hung said the slump in tra fish prices had caused losses for 40 of these tra fish breeders. Some of them had gone bankrupt.
Hung Ca Company has provided loans to help the tra fish breeders recover from their losses.
He said the banking system would provide a helping hand by suspending or reducing debts incurred by tra fish breeders.
He said that tra fish breeders would stop dumping their products onto markets if they could recover from bankruptcy and become part of a tra fish production line. — VNS