|Women in the central province of Khanh Hoa read leaflets with knowledge of reproductive health. More workers are expected to ensure the dissemination's sustainable results. — Photo giadinh.net.vn
HA NOI (VNS) — The inclusion of the National Target Programme on Population and Family Planning in the National Programme on Building New Rural Areas brought benefits but also raised several challenges.
Deputy Director of the Dong Nai Department of Health Truong Thi Thu Hang said this at a conference on "Policy Dialogue with Parliamentarians on Population and Development," held in Ha Noi yesterday.
Hang said the two national programmes would help save funds, and residents in rural areas would receive more attention and ensure work progress of both programmes.
But the management capacity of commune officers was still limited, leading to difficulties in inspection, supervision and reporting of the work, Hang said.
Gender imbalance at birth decreased in all provinces and cities across the country, but the trend was not sustainable and could party affect the programme on building new rural areas.
Some new problems that arose such as surrogacy and taking care of the elderly needed more manpower for handling them, whereas the workforce for the two programmes was limited.
The latest research of the General Office for Population and Family Planning showed that while Viet Nam was in a demographic divide phase, the country entered the ageing phase in 2011, as a result of declining fertility and mortality rates and longer life expectancy.
Viet Nam is among the most rapidly ageing countries in the region. In 2013, the proportion of the elderly in the total population increased to 10.5 per cent.
Hang suggested the spread of awareness on the issue, and that more workers and inspectors should be assigned for the two programmes to ensure sustainable results.
Ritsu Nacken, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) representative in Viet Nam, said the country should integrate population variables into development planning.
The country should also have skill development for older persons to ensure income and benefits in old age.
Nguyen Van Tan, deputy director of the General Office for Population and Family Planning, said migration should be tightly managed as emigrants faced a lot of difficulties in accessing basic social services, especially population services. — VNS