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New policies come into effect this month

Update: June, 01/2015 - 12:44
An ethnic-minority woman holds her baby near a yellow rice field in northern mountainous area Yen Bai Province's Mu Cang Chai District. — Photo
HA NOI (VNS) — A range of new policies for helping poor, ethnic-minority women and to deal with non-payment of forest and environment service fees and other issues will take effect this month.

Under the government's decree number 39/2015/ND-CP, which takes effect on June 15, a poor, ethnic-minority woman will receive VND2 million (US$93) per month if she complies with the population policy. A poor, ethnic-minority woman is not allowed to have more than three children. If she gets the financial aid and still wants more children than permitted, she will be forced to return the money.

Individuals and organisations will be fined up to VND50 million ($2,300) for non-payment of forest environment service charges from June 20, following the government decree number 40/2015/ND-CP.

This is the first time individuals and organisations that neglect to pay forest environment service fees will be fined.

Decision number 11/2015/QD-Ttg, approved by Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung, says households living in underprivileged areas, including border areas and islands, will be exempted from paying the land use tax.

Decree No 37/2015/ND-CP, which has detailed regulations on construction contracts, will apply to organisations and individuals linked to the establishment and management of construction contracts from June 15, including construction contracts between investors launching BOT, BTO, BT and PPP projects and contractors of the projects.

Decree No 36/2015/ND-CP, which stipulates the criteria for the establishment of a customs department in a city or province, will come into effect on June 10.

Accordingly, the customs department has to meet at least two of three criteria. The first criterion is the locality's import and export turnover should be higher than 30 per cent of the nation's average export and import turnover. The second criterion is that the city or province has an international border road, airline or key harbour of the country. The third criterion is to have an industrial park or an economic zone.

Decision No 12/2015/QD-TTg allows a minimum finance of 20 per cent of the interest rate from credit organisations for projects involving investment, upgrade and expansion of bus stations under the socialisation model. The decision also allows bus stations in poor districts to be exempted from paying land tax.

Decree No 38/2015/ND-CP issues regulations on waste management, including hazardous waste and solid waste.

The decree requires individuals and organisations to sort waste at source before it is collected from June 15.

Households have been told to separate solid waste into biodegradable waste such as leftovers, recyclable materials such as paper, glass and bottles, and other kinds of waste.

Organisations have been asked to classify hazardous waste with codes. The waste will be kept in suitable packages to avoid leakage and environment pollution before they are handed over to authorised agencies specialising in treating hazardous waste. — VNS

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