|The Ministry of Health has stressed the importance of timely vaccination against Japanese encephalitis to prevent the spread of the disease among children.— Photo doisongphapluat
HA NOI (VNS) — The Ministry of Health has stressed the importance of timely vaccination against Japanese encephalitis to prevent the spread of the disease among children.
The ministry said that the vaccination should be done at least thrice: the first when the child was a year old; the second one to two weeks after the first one; and the last a year after the second shot. After that, the vaccination should be done every three to four years until the child is 15 years old.
According to the Ministry of Health's Department of Preventive Medicine, the country has registered 319 cases of encephalitis, resulting in four deaths. Nine per cent of the cases are of Japanese encephalitis.
To prevent the spread of Japanese encephalitis, the Ministry said that the people should keep their homes clean, place the cages of livestock a good distance away from their residence and children, and use mosquito nets while sleeping.
Japanese encephalitis is caused by the mosquito-borne Japanese encephalitis virus that can spread the disease throughout the year, but most frequently in summer. The disease is more common among children under 15. Pigs and birds are reservoirs of the virus.
High fever, headache, nausea are the early symptoms of the disease. — VNS