HCM CITY (VNS)— Early detection of heart defects in newborns can prevent complications after childbirth and increase survival rates.
This was affirmed by medical specialists at an international conference on obstetrics and gynecology held in HCM City yesterday.
Truong Ba Luu, an expert at the city's Paediatric Hospital No.2, said that diagnosis of heart defects in the prenatal period would help prevent complications during the mother's labour and after delivery.
Luu spoke at the 13th Viet Nam/France/Asia-Pacific Conference on Obstetrics and Gynecology, organised by HCM City-based Tu Du Obstetrics Hospital in collaboration with the National College of French Gynecologists and Obstetricians and the French NGO, Gynecologists without Borders.
Worldwide, heart defects account for the highest percentage of defects detected before and after birth, he said.
Dr Vu Minh Phuc, head of the Paediatric Faculty at the Medicine and Pharmacy University, said that more than 800 infants in HCM City were born with heart defects each year.
More than 350 of them experience serious complications, and many of them die, Phuc said, adding that early detection and treatment would help reduce the fatality rate.
He also urged doctors to improve pre-natal counseling for parents.
In the last decade, there have been significant advances in diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, he said.
Dr Nguyen Thu Tinh, of the Paediatric Faculty at the Medicine and Pharmacy University, spoke about another problem that some pre-term babies face, lung disease.
He said that newborn resuscitation techniques had helped increase the rate of survival of pre-term babies.
Chronic lung disease in infants who are born prematurely is defined as a condition that requires oxygen and mechanical ventilation, he said.
If the problem is not addressed, oxygen dependency and an increased rate of hospitalisation could occur later.
The two-day conference also heard presentations on diabetes in pregnancy, surgery for advanced vulvar cancer and radiotherapy for breast cancer, among other topics.
The conference each year attracts leading professors, doctors and experts from institutes and medical universities around the world.
Le Quang Thanh, head of Tu Du Hospital, said that diagnostic techniques and advanced treatments described and presented at the conference over the years had been applied by Tu Du Hospital and other facilities worldwide. —VNS