HA NOI (VNS)--The country badly needs well-qualified blue- and white-collar workers, so resources will be mobilised to improve the quality of the educational system, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung said yesterday during a dialogue with delegates of the 10th national congress of the Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union.
Young Vietnamese people studying abroad will also be encouraged to return.
In the dialogue, many young people expressed concern about issues related to the quality of education and training, job opportunities and technological applications.
Delegate Doan Xuan Yen from central Thanh Hoa Province worried about the discrepancy between the increasing number of graduates from universities and colleges and the lack of skilled manual workers.
The PM said only 8 per cent of the country's 60 million people of working age have graduated from higher education. Meanwhile, this number is much higher in other ASEAN countries such as Malaysia (21 per cent) and Thailand (14.2 per cent).
But the country's larger problem is that it continues to lack well-trained workers – in both blue- and white-collar fields.
The government has published plans for education development and vocational training as well as human resources until 2020, he said. These plans aimed to ensure that all young people who pass the entrance examination to universities and colleges will have the chance to finish their studies even if they do not have enough money for tuition fees, he said.
Even when young people fail to reach the higher education level, they should continue studying at vocational training centres, which offer opportunities to find a good job in the future, he said.
"There are a lot of chances for young people to find a job," the PM said. "Whatever way each young person follows, he or she should nurture his or her ambition, will, determination and responsibility for themselves, their family and the nation."
In response to questions related to job orientation and opportunities, the PM said the Government has approved the youth union's job orientation plans.
However, he suggested the union should focus on the activities of job orientation because vocational training should be the responsibility of the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs.
The PM also stressed that science and technology is key to the country's development, so young people should take a leading role in scientific research. The youth unions should also help inspire young people to engage in more creative activities.
Bui The Duy, deputy director of the Viet Nam Youth Academy, asked about the Government's strategy to attract students studying abroad to return to the country to work.
The PM stressed that the Party and State realize there are more than 100,000 young people studying in foreign universities and colleges, so they are working hard to encourage them to make contributions to the country.
However, PM Dung also asked the central committee of the youth union to keep getting feedback from young people regarding shortcomings in policies on education and training and job opportunities so these suggestions could be submitted to relevant ministries for consideration.
The PM concluded his talks by saying young people should strive to become experts in at least one field. In that way, they could contribute to the development of the country and also improve their lives. — VNS