HA NOI (VNS) — Viet Nam will spend VND12.77 trillion (over US$608 million) between now and 2015 to improve the country's healthcare system, according to a new National Target Health Programme approved by Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung recently.
|Children wait for medical treatment at the National Hospital of Pediatrics. A newly-approved National Health Target Programme will mandate to provide emergency nutrient intervention for 90 per cent of children under five who suffer from malnutrition. — VNA/VNS Photo Duong Ngoc
The programme aims to actively prevent dangerous diseases and detect and stamp out epidemics early.
To carry out the programme, the State Budget will provide around VND6.68 trillion ($318 million); local budgets will add VND3.55 trillion (over $169 million); VND1.34 trillion ($63,8 million) will be mobilised from international assistance and the remainder will come from other sources.
The programme sets out to improve community awareness about cancer prevention and early detection of cancer. The goal is to increase the rate of cancer patients who are diagnosed in the early stages of the disease to 5-10 per cent and reduce the fatality rate of breast, cervical, oral and rectal cancers.
In addition, the programme will increase early diabetes detection by providing diabetes screenings in communities and completing a nation-wide disease treatment network by 2015.
The programme also maintains vaccination rates for more than 90 per cent of children under 1 year of age across the country. These vaccinations cover eight diseases of the national expanded programme for immunisation, including TB, Polio, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib). Efforts will be put forward to reduce the measles rate to under 1/1,000,000 people and completely eliminate measles by the end of 2012.
In a bid to improve children's nutrition and reproductive health care, the programme mandates that 90 per cent of children under 5 who suffer from serious malnutrition be provided with emergency nutrient intervention, and that fatalities from serious malnutrition in this age group be reduced to 17 per cent.
The programme will also help strengthen health care and protection for the armed forces and people at borders, islands, key national defence and security areas, and mountainous and remote areas and make sure they are ready to respond to natural disasters and other unforeseen calamities.
It will provide 70 per cent of island districts with medical facilities and upgrade 100 medical clinics by 2015.
Statistics provided by the Health Ministry showed that about 7 per cent of the total State budget is spent on healthcare in Viet Nam. Last year, total spending on healthcare was VND54.7 trillion (more than $2.6 billion).
According to the ministry, the National Target Health Programmes have helped reduce infection and fatality rates of some dangerous diseases on a year-on-year basis. — VNS