Nam celebrates anti-poverty success
|Volunteer Red Cross
workers set up a treatment centre to serve poor patients in the commune
of Truong Son, northern Hoa Binh Province. — VNA/VNS Photo Huu Oai
HA NOI — Viet Nam
celebrated the United Nations’ International Day for the Eradication of
Poverty, or Poverty Day, yesterday by reporting the positive results of its
programmes to help the poor.
The efforts of the Viet
Nam Communist Party, the people and the army in implementing the country’s
hunger eradication and poverty alleviation programme have ensured great
Figures show that the
number of poor households in Viet Nam has fallen by more than 340,000 each year
Hunger has been eliminated
while the number of poor households has dropped from 30.2 per cent in 1992 to 10
per cent in 2000 and 7 per cent using the standard set by the Labour, Invalids
and Social Affairs Ministry in 2000.
The United Nations’ Viet
Nam development report describes Viet Nam’s efforts at poverty reduction as
among the most successful examples of economic development.
Hunger eradication and
poverty alleviation have become a highlight among the achievement of doi moi
The Government has now
decided to provide VND60 trillion to implement the National Target Programme for
Poverty Reduction for 2006-10 based on the effectiveness of hunger eradication
and poverty alleviation campaign of 2001-05.
The purpose of the
programme will be "to reduce poverty more comprehensively and fairly with
sustainable development and international integration."
The Government has also
approved a new criteria by which households are to be classified as ‘poor.’
The standard will be an
average monthly income of VND200,000 or less for rural families and VND260,000
The new criteria means the
country will have about 4.6 million poor households by the end of 2005,
representing 26-27 per cent of all households.
The highest rates of
poverty are found in the north-western region - more than 62 per cent - and the
Tay Nguyen (Central Highlands) - more than 52 per cent. The lowest rate is in
the Eastern Nam Bo in southern Viet Nam with only 11 per cent.
The Viet Nam Fatherland
Front Central Committee says the Fund for the Poor has collected thousands of
billions of dong, built and repaired more than 310,000 houses for poor
The fund had mobilised
VND63 billion from October 2000 to the end of last month.
VND7.5 billion has been
contributed to the fund by 162 organisations and individuals in the last nine
months while the fund spent VND7.3 billion help 64 localities hit by natural
The Viet Nam Fatherland
Front Central Committee reports that the country built and repaired 37,264
houses for the poor in the past nine months.
It built 222,969 houses
and repaired 87,053 houses from 2001 to the end of last month.
Social policy banks
provided loans worth VND11.6 trillion totally to 3.5 million poor households
between 2001 and 2004 and localities started more than 50,000 training courses
to teach more than 2 million people farming techniques.
On average, 1.2 million
new jobs are created each year, half of them for women.
About 3 million students
from poor families and ethnic groups are exempted from school tuition fees every
But about 441,654
temporary and degraded houses need to be rebuilt or repaired.
The Fatherland Front
granted certificates recognising the efforts of 1,901 communes, wards and towns;
130 districts and six cities and provinces to successfully replace temporary
houses with solid construction in the last nine months. — VNS