A farmer preparing to collect latex in a rubber plantation in Bình Phước Province. VNA/VNS Photo
HÀ NỘI — Many Vietnamese rubber companies recorded outstanding growth in revenue and profit in the second quarter due to higher rubber prices. Analysts expect that rubber prices will remain high through 2021 on strong demand and tight supplies.
Higher prices, higher profits
In its second quarter results, Đồng Phú Rubber JSC (DORUCO, DPR) posted a rise of 11 per cent in net revenue to VNĐ218 billion (US$9.5 million).
During the period, its consumption reached 2,431 tonnes, up 35 per cent, with the average selling price at VNĐ45.9 million per tonne, up 50 per cent year-on-year. As a result, the company’s profit after tax rose 41 per cent over the same period last year to over VNĐ34.77 billion.
In the first six months of the year, DORUCO recorded net revenue of VNĐ419.6 billion and profit after tax of VNĐ86.3 billion, up 41 per cent and 66 per cent, respectively.
The positive business results helped boost DPR shares on the Hồ Chí Minh Stock Exchange (HoSE). The company's shares were traded at VNĐ60,400 yesterday, up 35.7 per cent compared to early April.
Similarly, Daklak Rubber JSC (DAKRUCO, DRG) witnessed net profit of more than VNĐ32 billion in the second quarter due to higher rubber prices, while it lost VNĐ26 billion in the same period last year.
In the first half of 2021, the rubber producer posted a net profit of nearly VNĐ58 billion, while it had a net loss of nearly VNĐ20 billion last year.
DRG shares are listed on UPCOM and traded at VNĐ14,600 per share, up 19.7 per cent compared to the beginning of the year.
Tân Biên Rubber JSC (TABIRUCO, RTB)’s profit also jumped in the second quarter.
Accordingly, in its consolidated results, TABIRUCO reported profit after tax of more than VNĐ84.1 billion, up 99.3 per cent year-on-year. In the first six months of the year, the company’s profit after tax reached VND120.6 billion, 3.8 times higher than the same period in 2020.
RTB shares, which are also listed on UPCOM, rose by nearly 22.7 per cent compared to the beginning of the year to VNĐ11,900 on Tuesday.
Lower production, improved demand
The Agency of Foreign Trade, under the Ministry of Industry and Trade, estimates that in the first six months of 2021, rubber exports will reach about 681,000 tonnes, worth $1.15 billion, up 41.3 per cent in volume and 79.9 per cent in value compared to the same period last year.
Meanwhile, according to estimates from the Association of Natural Rubber Producing Countries (ANRPC), global rubber production in the first quarter of 2021 has dropped by 12.5 per cent year-on-year, but rubber consumption has climbed 15.7 per cent in the second quarter.
Total rubber consumption has recovered from the bottom as world economies, especially China, suffered from the outbreak of COVID-19 since the beginning of 2020.
Total global rubber production in the first half of 2021 reached 4.5 million tonnes, while total consumption was about 5.4 million tonnes. Therefore, the supplies are short by more than 800,000 tonnes.
The decline in total rubber production started since 2020, but the supply-demand gap widened in 2021.
Analysts from ACB Securities Ltd. (ACBS) said that some reports show that farmers neglected their rubber plantations due to falling prices over a long period of time, meaning plants were easily exposed to diseases.
About 65 per cent of natural rubber is produced in Southeast Asia. However, at present, some countries in this region such as Thailand and Malaysia have rubber trees that are hit hard by disease.
Countries such as Sri Lanka and India also have large areas of rubber trees affected by disease.
Faced with this situation, the Việt Nam Rubber Association has issued a warning to its members to be better prepared if the disease spreads to the country, especially for members with rubber plantations in Cambodia, which is geographically close to Thailand.
In fact, the development of rubber growing areas has been under pressure when rubber prices entered a bear market during 2013 - 2019.
In Indonesia, new industrial crop areas are dominated by oil palm trees, which have a shorter harvest time than rubber. There was a time when Thailand encouraged farmers to replace rubber trees with other crops due to prolonged low prices.
“The rubber market is experiencing a shortage of supplies in the first half of 2021. The tight supplies will continue through 2021 when the rainy season has started,” ACBS said.
Moreover, with the high correlation between the price of natural rubber and the price of Brent oil and butadiene, a raw material for synthetic rubber production, rubber prices may rise again as oil prices have remained high since the beginning of the year.
While ACBS believes that the second wave of COVID-19 in India, one of the largest rubber exporter in the world, since March will prevent rubber demand from growing too much in 2021, it expects rubber prices to surge 44 per cent this year.
This will have a positive impact on rubber producers, offsetting the decrease in output. VNS