People with disabilities work at a sewing workshop in Thừa Thiên-Huế Province. — VNA/VNS Photo Anh Tuấn
HÀ NỘI — Looking at the disabled people working hard on the sewing machines, Nguyễn Kim Khôi feels happy and wants to be able to help more people.
Khôi, a disabled man in Đông Ngạc Ward, Hà Nội's Bắc Từ Liêm District, opened a small sewing workshop in 2009, providing vocational training and jobs for more than 100 people with disabilities.
Every day, about 15 people with disabilities come here to learn sewing techniques. After finishing the course, they work at Khôi’s workshop and earn VNĐ4-5 million (US$130-170) a month by sewing flags.
In addition to Khôi's establishment, in recent years, Hà Nội has had more and more people with disabilities open vocational training, production and business establishments, creating jobs for themselves and people in similar situations.
Some examples are Vụn Art Cooperative in Vạn Phúc Ward, Hà Đông District, Pink Heart Handicraft Cooperative in Hồng Kỳ Commune, Sóc Sơn District and Embroidery Ltd Co in Quất Động Commune, Thường Tín District.
Việt Nam has about 6.2 million people over the age of two with disabilities, making up 7.06 per cent of the country’s population, according to the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affair (MoLISA).
Of those, more than 1 million are severely disabled. Most live in rural areas and many are victims of Agent Orange.
Millions of people and children with disabilities are nurtured and cared for in social welfare establishments.
With support from the State budget, organisations for disabled people have also mobilised other resources to improve the living conditions of this vulnerable group.
People with disabilities are given care, treatment, orthopaedic surgery, functional rehabilitation, and provided with appropriate assistive devices, health insurance cards and wheelchairs. They are also offered bicycles, scholarships, jobs or new houses.
At least 4.1 million people with disabilities, orphans and poor patients have received helps from the Việt Nam Sponsoring Association for People with Disabilities and Orphans so far.
Fifty provinces and cities nationwide have implemented community-based functional rehabilitation programmes.
Of which, 18 provinces have rolled out the programme in all districts and communes.
According to the Việt Nam National Committee on People with Disabilities, in addition to the social protection policy, the best way to help them integrate into the community is to help disabled people have confidence, support vocational training and create job opportunities.
The country has more than 19,550 people with disabilities who have received vocational training under a project.
The Social Policy Bank has offered job support for 118,781 employees, of which 1,738 are employees with disabilities.
The Department of Employment, MoLISA, in co-ordination with job service Centres of Quảng Ninh and Bình Dương provinces and Hà Nội Association of People with Disabilities, has created stable jobs for 30 disabled people and supported career counselling and business for nearly 2,000 people.
More than 150 families with people with disabilities in eight provinces and cities have been provided animals, plants and production techniques from the Office of the National Committee for People with Disabilities.
Nearly 10,000 families have received loans from the Việt Nam Blind Association with a total amount of VNĐ51.65 billion.
The protection of rights and support policies for people with disabilities have always been a deep concern of the Government, said MoLISA's deputy minister, Lê Tấn Dũng.
Policies, resources and schemes to help people with disabilities are always adjusted to suit reality.
Additionally, positive innovations in communication activities have brought many substantial effects in raising awareness in society on caring and taking care of people with disabilities; changing stereotypes about capacities of people with disabilities and promoting vocational training for them.
To help them integrate into the community, the Office of the National Committee for People with Disabilities and MoLISA will continue to develop and improve policies, support and amend the law to deal with shortcomings as well as create equal opportunities and reduce social barriers for persons with disabilities, Dũng said. — VNS