|An old living quarter in the Yen Lang District of Ha Noi. The city's sustainable development is facing challenges resulting from urbanisation, population growth and poor planning. — VNA/VNS Photo Tuan Anh
HA NOI (VNS) — Ha Noi's sustainable development is facing challenges resulting from urbanisation, population growth, poor planning and ineffective use of resources, said Municipal Party Committee Vice Secretary Ngo Thi Thanh Hang.
Hang spoke at a seminar titled Ha Noi: Tradition, Resources and Development. Participants discussed ways the city could make use of its advantages to solve its current problems.
The seminar was held on Monday by the Municipal Party Committee, the People's Council, the People's Committee, the Viet Nam Fatherland Front and Ha Noi National University ahead of the 70th anniversary of the August Revolution (August 19) and National Day (September 2).
Reports at the event gave insight into the city's development over the past 70 years, pointing to the cultural resources and values that brought about a fast, nonviolent victory in the August Revolution.
Associate Professor Bui Tat Thang from the Development Strategy Institute said the city's geographical expansion helped it connect with other localities and regions.
Ha Noi was well-positioned to continue building itself into a political, cultural, technological and economic hub, he said.
Dao Ngoc Nghiem, vice chairman of the Viet Nam Urban Planning and Development Association, said the city needed to conduct reforms on urban management and administrative procedures. Rapid population growth had put pressure on the administrative system.
Lecturer Do Thi Minh Duc from the Ha Noi Teacher's Training University said new urban areas and high-rises were being built and lived in without a thought for where people would work, causing congested transport infrastructure, environmental problems and other urban management issues.
Ha Noi Architecture University lecturer Tran Trong Hanh said that there was an imbalance when it came to preserving, restoring and constructing buildings in the city. Developers concentrated too much on housing and neglected public facilities like schools, parks and drainage systems, he said, blaming these things for reducing quality of living in the city.
The poor urban management was also pushing out local enterprises, many of which wanted to move to other localities due to high rent costs in the capital, said Pham Quy Kien, a representative from the city's Finance Department.
Last year, the city maintained a growth rate of 8.8 per cent – 1.52 times higher than the national average. It set a target of 9-9.5 per cent growth for this year. — VNS