By Bồ Xuân Hiệp
HCM CITY — Hoàng Thị Thùy Vân, 48, of HCM City’s Thủ Đức District, was able to buy a low-priced apartment four years ago because of a preferential credit package, but many people still cannot afford to buy a home.
“I feel much more fortunate than many of my colleagues who have not been able to buy an apartment,” she told Việt Nam News.
Current housing prices are too high for them, no matter how much money they save, she said.
“I once thought of moving closer to the city centre in Bình Thạnh or Phú Nhuận districts, but have decided to give up as the price is far beyond what I can afford,” she said.
Four years ago, the State Bank’s preferential loan credit package of VNĐ30 trillion (US$1.29 billion) helped thousands of low-income people purchase low-cost apartments in big cities.
However, since the credit package stopped disbursing funds in mid-2016 many people have given up their dream of home ownership because of surging prices.
The real estate market has experienced several so-called fever periods in recent years, pushing up property prices to a level that is unaffordable for people with low or modest incomes.
For example, a 70-sq.m one-bedroom apartment in an upscale project in Bình Thạnh District which borders District 1, could cost up to VNĐ4.5 billion (nearly $200,000), a broker in the district who has been in the industry for 10 years told Việt Nam News.
A small house in a side alley without access for a car in District 4 or Phú Nhuận District could cost up to VNĐ5 billion ($215,000), he said.
For houses on large streets in central districts like districts 1, 3 and other nearby districts like Bình Thạnh, Phú Nhuận and District 4, the prices were too expensive for most people, the broker said.
The real estate market is suffering a severe shortage of affordable homes despite huge demand, experts have said.
The property products in the country do not match market demand, especially in major cities like Hà Nội and HCM City. The supply of high-end apartments is plentiful while there is a shortage of affordable housing.
Since mid-2017, the Grade C apartment segment (affordable apartments priced under $1,000 per sq metre) has seen a sharp decline in supply, according to research conducted by DKRA Việt Nam, a joint-stock property company.
Grade A apartments (high-end segment priced from $1,800-3,000) and Grade B apartments (mid-range segment priced from $1,100-1,800) are far more plentiful than Grade C apartments.
Worse still, there are times when the affordable segment has no new supply, according to DKRA’s research.
Under the VNĐ30 trillion loan package administered previously by the government, homeowners could buy an affordable apartment with an area of 70 square metres or below at VNĐ15 million per square metre.
Lê Hoàng Châu, chairman of HCM City Real Estate Association (HoREA), said the imbalance between supply and demand in the affordable segment was a sign of unsustainable development in the market.
The affordable apartment segment accounted for the smallest proportion of available housing, followed by the mid-end and high-end segments, which should instead account for the smallest percentage, he said.
“It’s very likely that affordable housing will not even exist in the near future unless the Government takes action,” he noted.
In a recent meeting between real estate businesses and HCM City leaders, Nguyễn Văn Đực, deputy director of Đất Lành Real Estate Company, said the supply of low-cost housing had gradually plummeted in the city in recent years.
More than 10 years ago, some real estate enterprises in the city such as Khang Gia, Nam Long, Đất Lành and Lê Thành invested in low-priced houses.
“However, not many of them are implementing such projects now,” he said.
Đất Lành Company, for example, faced a shortage of capital to implement new low-cost projects.
The lack of investment was due to low profits from such housing, Đực said. If material prices or bank interest rates increase, the company could face losses.
“Investing in low-cost housing has low profits, only about VNĐ1-2 million per square metre,” he said.
Lê Hữu Nghĩa, director of Lê Thành Real Estate Company, said that real estate businesses were more interested in high-end housing because of far higher profits.
The problem had been made worse by challenges in accessing credit, complicated administrative procedures and a lack of land available for construction, he said.
Experts say that Việt Nam should develop new preferential policies in land, tax, interest rates, credit and mortgages for affordable home developers, and allow the development of apartments of different sizes.
Developing affordable homes is an urgent issue as rapid urbanisation is putting pressure on city infrastructure, such as power grids, water networks and schools, they said.
Châu, chairman of HoREA, said: “The demand for affordable housing is huge in HCM City, and regulations on low-cost housing should be issued.”
According to statistics from the Central Institute for Economic Management, on average more than 1 million people migrate from rural areas to large cities like Hà Nội and HCM City each year. The figure is expected to continue to rise.
It is estimated that demand for affordable homes accounts for around 60-70 per cent of total market demand, but the supply is less that 20 per cent.
Apartments of less than 60 square metres with prices of less than VNĐ700 million ($30,090) account for only five per cent of market supply.
According to statistics from the Construction Ministry, by next year around 1.7 million people will be in need of homes in urban areas together with 1.7 million workers demanding stable accommodations, requiring the development of nearly 1 million apartments. — VNS