Ensuring financial security is vital to promote economic growth amid rapid globalisation and economic-financial liberalisation, experts said at a forum organised by the Institute for Brand and Competitiveness Strategy in Hà Nội yesterday. — Photo VIR
HÀ NỘI — Ensuring financial security is vital to promote economic growth amid rapid globalisation and economic-financial liberalisation, experts said at a forum organised by the Institute for Brand and Competitiveness Strategy in Hà Nội yesterday.
Financial expert Cấn Văn Lực said that Vietnamese financial markets--which include banking, securities and insurance--developed rapidly from 1990’s but lacked structural balance in and remained small in scale.
He cited end-of-March statistics showing that banking and non-banking assets accounted for 72.1 per cent of the financial market, bonds 8.2 per cent, insurance 0.8 per cent and securities 18.9 per cent.
The financial market was estimated to be equivalent to 250 per cent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) by the end of 2016, which is low compared to countries such as Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and China.
In addition, Việt Nam faces fiscal risks, including rapid increases in public debt to GDP ratio (from 41.6 per cent in 2006 to 63.7 per cent in 2016) and a high budget deficit.
Lực said that the Vietnamese commercial bank capital adequacy ratio (CAR)--the ratio of a bank’s capital to its risk--is estimated at 11 per cent, still low in the context of quite high credit growth (at around 17-18 per cent per year).
Lực said that Việt Nam should hasten the restructuring of the State budget, public investment, management of public debt, the restructuring of credit institutions and handling of bad debts to mitigate risks.
Attention should also be paid to technology-related risks as digital finance and blockchain emerge as new trends, Lực said.
Expert Nguyễn Đại Lai said that the implementation of Basel 2 in Việt Nam remains slow. It will be piloted at 10 commercial banks until 2020 before being applied to the whole system. Meanwhile, many countries move toward Basel 3, instead.
Consolidating the risk management system within the commercial bank system is urgent not only to successfully implement Basel 2 but also to develop sustainably, Lai said.
According to Nguyễn Đức Độ, Deputy Director of the Financial Economic Institute, in the condition of high public debt and bad debt, high interest rates and low inflation are the two biggest risks to financial security of Việt Nam because it might undermine the debt payment capacity of both the Government and enterprises, resulting in cuts in investment and slow economic growth.
Dương Thu Ngọc, a representative from the Department of Monetary and Financial Security under the Ministry of Public Security, said that insider trading and rumours also pose significant financial security threats.
Ngọc said these violations happen due to an incomplete legal framework with a lack of deterrent punishments, in addition to weak financial supervisory capacities and unhealthy competition.
According to Phạm Tuấn Anh from the University of Commerce, Vietnamese firms must attach special importance to financial risk management, which is critical to firm’s operation efficiency and sustainable development.
Enhancing risk management capacity is critical to improving their competitiveness, Tuấn Anh said. — VNS