Buon Ma Thuot fetes historic 1975 victory

Update: March, 10/2015 - 17:33
A ceremony was held in the Central Highlands province of Dak Lak this morning to mark the 40th anniversary of the Buon Ma Thuot Victory on March 10, 1975. — VNA/VNS Photo Duong Giang


DAK LAK (VNS) — A ceremony held in the Central Highlands province of Dak Lak yesterday marked the 40th anniversary of the Buon Ma Thuot Victory in 1975.

The victory served as a precursor for the General Offensive and Uprising in the spring of 1975 that led to southern Viet Nam's liberation and the country's reunification.

Le Hong Anh, Politburo member and permanent member of the Party Central Secretariat, praised the "remarkable achievements" that provincial administration and people recorded in the past several years.

Anh urged the province to maintain its focus on strengthening unity while carrying out its political and socio-economic development agenda.

He said the province should continue to boost work on industrialisation and modernisation, maintain stable economic growth and strengthen hi-tech applications in agriculture.

He also asked the province to protect its environment and implement sound social welfare policies.

In October 1974, the Political Bureau gathered and decided to liberate the South in 1975 or 1976. The offensive would focus on the Tay Nguyen (Central Highlands) region during the first year, they decided.

The Politburo held another meeting From December 18, 1974 to January 8, 1975 to evaluate the situation in the South. They planned to free the South in 1975 if the opportunity presented itself.

Meanwhile, the Politburo and the Party Central Committee's Military Commission led the Tay Nguyen campaign, an attack on Buon Ma Thuot, now the capital city of Dak Lak province.

Buon Ma Thuot's position as the primary battlefield was strategically important, given its proximity to Roads 14 and 21 – both favourable routes for attacking other provinces in the Central Highlands, central coastal and southern regions. The township was also a substantial distance from major military centres, which would make it harder for the enemy to support its forces near there.

To prepare for the surprise attack in Buon Ma Thuot, Viet Nam's soldiers in the Central Highlands created a diversion to draw the enemy's focus to the north.

At 2:03am on March 10, 1975, Vietnamese troops attacked Buon Ma Thuot from multiple directions. By 10 a.m. the next day, Vietnamese soldiers had captured the Governor of Dak Lak Province and gained control of the township.

The fifth Buon Ma Thuot Coffee Festival officially opened yesterday in the Central Highlands (Tay Nguyen) Province of Dak Lak as part of celebrations of the 40th anniversary of the Buon Ma Thuot Victory. — VNA/VNS Photo Duong Giang

The Buon Ma Thuot Victory went down in history as one of the most resounding triumphs for Viet Nam during the American War. The Tay Nguyen campaign concluded on April 3, helping the Politburo recapture the South within 1975.

In the four decades since the battle, Buon Ma Thuot has enjoyed significant progress across sectors. It saw an average economic growth rate of 14.5 per cent between 2011 and 2013 and a per capita income of VND45.2 million (US$2,150) annually. It is expected to grow to D50 million($2,380) in 2015.

It is known for its coffee production and as one of the greenest cities in Viet Nam.

Coffee Festival

The fifth Buon Ma Thuot Coffee Festival opened yesterday, attracting hundreds of local and international businesses.

At a meeting held in the Central Highlands city to welcome international business delegations, Permanent Vice Chairman of the Dak Lak People's Committee, Y Dham Enuol, introduced the potential for co-operation in the province's socio-economic development.

He said Dak Lak had attracted more than 540 projects with a total investment capital of VND65 trillion of which 11 foreign investment projects were from the UK, France, Japan, Thailand and China.

Most of the projects focused on agricultural production, cattle feed processing, bio-fuel production, cultivating flowers for exports, trading and services, he said.

The vice chairman urged foreign businesses attending the festival to boost investments in the province's infrastructure and high technology sectors.

Dak Lak – the capital of Vietnamese coffee – has the largest coffee growing area and productivity in the country. Its export of 450,000 tonnes of coffee seeds every year accounts for 80 per cent of total production.

The biennial festival aims to further promote the Vietnamese coffee brand, honour coffee growers and popularise the coffee culture and tourism attractions of Buon Ma Thuot City.

It also intends to increase the value of coffee exports and entrench Viet Nam's position in the international coffee market.

The event aims to be a venue for coffee growers, businesses and consumers to forge links via a wide range of activities including an exhibition on Buon Ma Thuot coffee, a coffee-making contest and a conference on sustainable coffee development.

In 2014, Viet Nam produced over 1.37 million tonnes of coffee, of which Dak Lak contributed over 450,000 tonnes. Last year's coffee export value was US$3.4 billion.

Coffee plays an important role in the socio-economic development of the Central Highlands, helping reduce poverty in areas inhabited by ethnic minorities. — VNS