Local residents in Ba Chẽ District, Quảng Ninh Province, planting large wood trees in bid to increase forest coverage. — VNA/VNS Photo Văn Đức
HÀ NỘI — Việt Nam will prioritise protecting and managing forests as part of a National Strategy on Climate Change for 2050, enhancing restoration, community participation and employment opportunities in the forestry sector.
Between now and 2030, the country will focus on forestry protection and restoration, promoting mangrove, coastal and watershed planting, as well as consolidating the system of monitoring and responding to forest fires. The draft National Strategy on Climate Change to 2050 will result in increasing the area of trees per capita in urban areas.
“Much importance must be placed on establishing and expanding the activities of marine protected areas and natural reserves, developing nature, ecosystem and community-based models for climate change adaption (CCA) and developing the national biodiversity database,” said a representative of the strategy’s expert group.
Forests and ecosystems are one of six tasks in proactively adapting to climate change, along with preventing decline and degradation, restoring natural resources; agriculture and food security; developing CCA infrastructure; community health care; and ensuring social security.
These tasks were reported in a workshop jointly organised by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, UNDP, and GIZ in Hà Nội yesterday, to discuss the draft National Strategy on Climate Change for 2050.
The strategy expects that by 2050, Việt Nam will effectively manage water and land resources, improve environmental quality and prevent natural disasters affecting socio-economic development, firmly ensuring the security of national water resources.
Climate change adaptation and reducing greenhouse gas emissions are two key objectives of the national strategy.
Reducing the vulnerability and risks from climate change means improving resilience and adapting the capacity of natural, economic and social systems, the representative said.
The country is aiming to reduce the total national greenhouse gas emissions by 43.1 per cent, compared to the normal operations.
Lê Công Thành, Deputy Minister of MNRE said: “The draft National Strategy reflects the transformation in Việt Nam's response to climate change, demonstrating the roadmap to realise the country's commitments at COP26.”
“The ministry has consulted with relevant ministries, branches and localities since developing the strategic outline, and surveyed at 63 cities and provinces, as well as taken suggestions from scientists and experts.”
Weert Borner, Charge d’Affairs at the German Embassy, said that: “Việt Nam’s new National Strategy shows that the objective of climate neutrality is highly ambitious and challenging, but feasible.”
“The National Strategy is one of the key policy instruments to deliver the net-zero emission target by 2050, and to build community resilience," said Caitlin Wiesen, UNDP Resident Representative Việt Nam.
VN must accelerate adaptation measures to build resilient societies for all, particularly those most vulnerable at the frontline of climate change.
UNDP has actively supported local communities with transformational adaption projects where co-benefits of climate actions are optimal. With the Green Climate Fund and Global Environment Facility finance, the planting and regenerating of 4,000ha of coastal mangroves has been possible, along with over 4,000 new resilient houses. — VNS