|The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Viet Nam, Nguyen Phu Trong, will pay an official visit to the People's Republic of China, from today until Friday.. — File Photo
HA NOI (VNS) — The General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Viet Nam, Nguyen Phu Trong, will pay an official visit to the People's Republic of China, from today until Friday.
This will be the first official visit made by a Vietnamese Party General Secretary since the 18th national congress of the Communist Party of China in 2012.
On his China visit, Trong's entourage includes: Politburo member, Secretary of CPV Central Committee and Head of the CPV Central Committee's Commission for Popularisation and Education, Dinh The Huynh; Politburo member and National Assembly vice chairman, Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan; Politburo member and Minister of National Defence, General Phung Quang Thanh; Politburo member and Minister of Public Security, General Tran Dai Quang; Secretary of CPV Central Committee and Head of the CPV Central Committee's Administrative Office, Tran Quoc Vuong; CPV Central Committee member, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Pham Binh Minh; CPV Central Committee member and Head of the CPV Central Committee's Commission for Foreign Affairs, Hoang Binh Quan; Minister of Planning and Investment, Bui Quang Vinh; CPV Central Committee member and Minister of Industry and Trade, Vu Huy Hoang; CPV Central Committee member and assistant to the CPV General Secretary, Ho Mau Ngoat; Secretary of the Lao Cai Province's Party Committee, Nguyen Van Vinh; and Viet Nam's Ambassador to China, Nguyen Van Tho. — VNS
The trip is aimed at building up momentum for the healthy development of Viet Nam-China relations, particularly in the context of diplomatic ties entering their 65th year (January 18, 1950-2015).
Since the 1991 normalisation, ties have grown fast and profound. There have been frequent meetings of high-ranking officials and many co-operation agreements signed, enhancing mutual understanding.
The two sides have organised 10 ideology workshops between the two parties and seven conferences of the joint steering committee for bilateral co-operation.
The security and national defence sectors have signed and implemented many co-operative agreements. Provinces of both countries have worked together in many fields, and various people-to-pepole exchanges held, including six people's forums and 14 youth friendship festivals.
During the last 10 years, China has continually been Viet Nam's largest trade partner, while Viet Nam has become the second biggest ASEAN trade partner of China, after Indonesia.
In 2014, two-way trade revenue reached US$58.87 billion. A total investment of $7.94 billion in 1,082 projects made China the ninth largest foreign investor in Viet Nam by the end of last year.
A five-year economic-trade pact (2012-16) was signed during the 2011 visit of the Vietnamese Party General Secretary. In 2013, when Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang made a working trip to Viet Nam, the sides agreed to beef up economic-commercial engagement focusing on several key infrastructure and transport projects. They also set goals to bring bilateral trade revenue to $60 billion in 2015 and $100 billion in 2017.
Bilateral ties in education and tourism are growing. There are about 13,500 Vietnamese students in China and 4,000 Chinese students in Viet Nam. About one million Vietnamese travel to China every year, while 1.94 million Chinese visited Viet Nam in 2014 alone.
Regarding territory and border issues, the two countries have signed an agreement on basic principles for settling territory and border issues.
So far, the two have signed a treaty on land border delimitation (in 1999), an agreement on the delimitation of the Bac Bo (Tonkin) Gulf (in 2000), another on fishery co-operation in the Bac Bo (Tonkin) Gulf (in 2000), and a protocol on fishery co-operation in the Bac Bo (Tonkin) Gulf (in 2004).
On the East Sea issue, the two countries have signed an agreement on basic principles guiding the settlement of sea-related issues. The ASEAN, of which Viet Nam is a member, and China signed the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC) in 2002.
The bloc is expeditiously working towards an early conclusion of the Code of Conduct in the East Sea (COC), with the first official consultation at Senior Official Meeting level held in September, 2013.
However, complicated developments in the East Sea put considerable impacts on Viet Nam-China co-operative ties in various fields and hindered the implementation of a number of exchange and co-operative programmes, despite certain improvements in the bilateral relationship.
The visit by Party General Secretary Trong is expected to strengthen the friendly and stable situation, facilitating the settlement of existing problems between the two countries. — VNS