|Deputy Le Thi Yen from Phu Tho Province proposed that policy research and formation on poverty reduction needed to have a multi-dimensional approach to achieve sustainable reductions in the household poverty rate. — VNA/VNS Photo Doan Tan
HA NOI (VNS) — National Assembly (NA) deputies on Saturday discussed the results of poverty alleviation policies implemented in the 2005–2012 period.
According to a report presented by the NA Standing Committee, Viet Nam had achieved encouraging results in poverty reduction, with the number of poor households in the country dropping from 22 per cent in 2005 to 9.6 per cent in 2012. In certain communes and villages, the percentage of poor households had decreased from 47 per cent in 2006 to 28.8 per cent in 2010.
However, the percentage of households sliding back into poverty was still high, accounting for 25–30 percent, with ethnic minority households accounting for nearly 50 per cent of poor households across the country.
A majority of the deputies agreed the remarkable success in reducing poverty over the period was attributed to the Party and State's policy platform, which had focused on comprehensive socio-economic development and contributed to ensuring social welfare and equality.
Some deputies suggested that the NA needed to adjust poverty reduction policies for the post-2015 period to focus on ensuring resources for the policies, enhancing State management over implementation, assigning specific actions and objectives, as well as improving monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.
Resources needed to be prioritised to achieve the policies and create favourable conditions to achieve further development, they added.
Deputy Le Thi Yen from Phu Tho Province proposed that policy research and formation on poverty reduction needed to have a multi-dimensional approach to achieve sustainable reductions in the household poverty rate.
Other deputies also stressed the need to provide vocational training and legal support, and to create jobs and improve the quality of healthcare, education and housing for poor and disadvantaged groups across the country.
They also urged the Government to clarify solutions for ethnic minority groups and provide detailed instructions for how localities would implement policies and monitor their effectiveness.
Deputies also addressed the fact that the level of poor people in remote areas and ethnic nationalities using medical insurance was still low, while the number of health clinics meeting the national standard needed to be increased. This had greatly hindered people's access to proper health care, they said.
In light of this, deputies suggested that the Government continue to invest in health care for poor people and ethnic minorities in remote areas, and provide greater support in the form of more health care professionals.
Minister for Health Care Nguyen Thi Kimn Tien said the ministry had launched a project to send 63 doctors to 63 poor districts nationwide, to train local health care staff.
Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Cao Duc Phat said 90 per cent of the country's poor people were concentrated in remote areas and that because of this, poverty reduction efforts needed to focus on supporting poor rural regions.
He said the Government needed to invest in developing transport infrastructure for areas with high rates of poverty, while helping to apply more advanced technology to agriculture.
Deputy Vo Kim Cu from Quang Tri Province called for incentives in agricultural investment, saying: "Agricultural businesses must receive more support in terms of seedlings, new technology, processing and distribution. This will later benefit farmers."
Meanwhile, deputy Phuong Thi Thanh from Bac Kan Province said the Government should put more resources into poverty reduction efforts in border and islands areas. — VNS