SOCHI, Russia — Viet Nam and Russia yesterday agreed to elevate their bilateral relations to a higher level of comprehensive strategic partnership.
|President Vladimir Putin greets his Vietnamese counterpart Truong Tan Sang during his visit to Russia yesterday. — VNA/VNS Photo Nguyen Khang
This was done to meet each country's development demands and their people's aspirations while contributing to peace, stability and prosperity in the Asian-Pacific region and the world at large.
The agreement was reached by President Truong Tan Sang and his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, during talks in the Russian city of Sochi.
The two leaders briefed each other on their country's political, socio-economic situation and foreign policies.
They exchanged ideas on the bilateral relations as well as regional and international issues of mutual concern.
Sang said he highly valued Russia's socio-economic achievements, especially in the context of the global financial crisis and the public-debt crisis in Europe.
He confirmed Viet Nam's support for the Russian leaders' long-term policy of comprehensively modernising the country and improving its role and influence in the region and the world.
Putin spoke highly of the achievements the Vietnamese people had reached during the renewal process as well as in national industrialisation and modernisation.
He congratulated Viet Nam on its increased position and prestige in the international arena.
Both noted the dynamic development in the strategic partnership over the past time.
Apart from fine political ties, Viet Nam and Russia have enjoyed strong development in economic-trade co-operation, especially in the strategic fields of oil and gas and atomic energy.
The two sides noted that bilateral trade revenue recorded nearly US$1 billion in the first five months of this year, representing a year-on-year increase of 45.5 per cent.
However, they held that the figures remained too modest compared to the countries' potentials.
They reached consensus on the early negotiations and signing of a free-trade agreement between Viet Nam and the Customs Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. This would remove emerging difficulties in a timely manner and boosted co-operation between the two countries' financial and banking organisations.
The leaders agreed to lift two-way trade to $5 billion in 2015 and to $10 billion by 2020.
Regarding co-operation in nuclear energy, the Russian side pledged to ensure the progress of the building of the first nuclear power plant in Viet Nam as scheduled. The Russian said that this would be done "with the highest safety and quality".
Viet Nam and Russia said they would continue intensifying co-operation on oil and gas exploration and exploitation on Viet Nam's continental shelf and creating favourable conditions for Vietnamese-Russian joint ventures, such as Vietsovpetro, Rusvietpetro, Gazpromviet and Vietgazprom to expand oil and gas exploration and exploitation areas not only in the two countries, but also in third countries.
Sang said Viet Nam was willing to get involved in Russia's programme to boost socio-economic development in Eastern Siberia and the Far East. He said it would also discuss with Russian partners the possibility of establishing joint ventures producing goods, such as garments and textiles, footwear, timber products, seafood and electronics.
The Russian side said it would continue helping Viet Nam train its soldiers so that they could master Russian military technology and equipment in Viet Nam and to focus attention on national defence training.
They also affirmed the need to broaden co-operation in science-technology, education and training, and held that they should soon establish a Viet Nam-Russia Technology University in Ha Noi and improve the efficiency of the Viet Nam-Russia Tropical Scientific-Technological Research Centre to meet each country's development requirements.
The two leaders took note of the active contributions made by Vietnamese citizens working and studying in Russia and Russian citizens working and studying in Viet Nam in strengthening friendship and comprehensive co-operation between the two countries.
President Sang asked that Russia continue supporting the Vietnamese community to study, work and live on a long-term and stable manner in the country.
The two leaders demonstrated high consensus on international and regional issues and expressed pleasure at the close co-ordination and mutual support at regional and international forums, especially at the United Nations.
They also affirmed to continue the tradition of close co-ordination for the benefit of each country – and for the peace, stability, co-operation and development in Asia and the Pacific and the world.
Viet Nam welcomed Russia joining the World Trade Organisation and said it highly valued the country's role and activities as chairman of the 2012 Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation forum.
The Russian side also praised Viet Nam's active role and activities in ASEAN as well as regional and international organisations, and asked Viet Nam to continue working as a bridge for the strengthening of Russia's relations with ASEAN and other regional mechanisms with ASEAN as the core.
Both expressed their belief that Sang's visit to Russia would significantly contribute to consolidating and developing bilateral ties.
Sang used the occasion to invite Putin to visit Viet Nam. The Russian leader accepted the invitation. The time for the visit will be arranged through the diplomatic channels.
After the talks, Sang and Putin witnessed the signing of a number of documents. They include a protocol ratifying an agreement on juridicial and legal assistance for civil and criminal issues between Viet Nam and Russia and a protocol supplementing an agreement on juridicial and legal assistance for legal ties and civil and criminal issues signed on August 25, 1998 between the two countries, a memorandum of understanding on the enhancement of co-operation in agriculture between Viet Nam's Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Russian Agriculture Ministry, a memorandum of understanding on the exchange of bilateral trade statistics and a joint action plan on the fight against smuggling between the General Department of Viet Nam Customs and the Federal Customs Service of Russia, and a co-operation programme for the 2013-2015 period between the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and the Russian Culture Ministry.
Both sides issued a joint statement on the enhancement of the comprehensive strategic partnership between Viet Nam and Russia. In the statement, they said said they supported the formation of a new, fairer and more democratic world order, while realising that risks and challenges in world politics and economics were increasing.
They held that it was necessary to build a new world order based on the principles of multilaterality, supremacy of international law, fundamental principles of the UN Charter, including respect for national sovereignty, integrity and non-intervention in the internal affairs of nations.
Viet Nam and Russia held that international security was comprehensive and inseparable, adding that it was not permitted for the security of a nation to be ensured by harming that of others, including the expansion of military-politic alliances and the establishment of global and regional anti-missile defence systems.
They said they attached importance to promoting the co-ordination of activities on the international arena to fight terrorism in any form.
Both sides agreed that the United Nations held the central role in co-ordinating international missions, including the guarantee of security and sustainable development. They also agreed that the prerequisite for reforming the main UN agencies was maximum consensus on the issue among UN member countries.
The two leaders stressed that armed intervention in internal conflicts of sovereign nations and the imposition of unilateral sanctions without appropriate attention to internal politics, ethnic, religious and cultural specificities and other characteristics contained risks of instability and increased tension in international relations.
Viet Nam and Russia said they resolutely rejected all plots on revising World War II history that cast doubt on the decisive role of the people of the former Soviet Union in the victory over Fascism and militarism.
Both sides supported G-20's efforts in completing global economic and financial management for stable, sustainable and equal growth and the world monetary-financial system's restructuring, fighting protectionism and paying more attention to development.
President Putin said he highly valued Viet Nam's role in activities at the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and other regional and international fora.
President Sang voiced support for Russia's strategic policy to unceasingly strengthen its position in Asia and the Pacific for the sake of peace and sustainable development in the region.
The two sides supported the establishment of an open, transparent, fair and co-operative security architecture in the region built on the provisions of international law and the principles of non-alliance and consideration for the legitimate interests of all countries.
The leaders welcomed the substantial implementation of co-operation between Russia and ASEAN.
Viet Nam and Russia affirmed their determination to increase co-ordination to cope with new challenges and risks threatening security and sustainable development in the Asia-Pacific region, firstly within the framework of the ASEAN Regional Forum and the ASEAN Defence Ministers' Meeting plus dialogue partners.
The two sides held that territorial disputes and other disputes in the Asian-Pacific space should to be solved only by peaceful measures without the use of force or the threat to use force, based on existing international law, particularly the UN Charter and the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.
They support the full implementation of the 2002 Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea and the approach to the building of a Code of Conduct in the East Sea at an early date.
Viet Nam and Russia affirmed the policy of expanding co-operation within the framework of the Asia-Europe dialogue forum, the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building measures in Asia (CICA) and the East Asia Summit (EAS).
They also supported the inclusion of principle issues on regional security to the EAS's agenda.
The Vietnamese President earlier met Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and other Russian leaders in Moscow. — VNS