Le Thanh Khuyen, deputy director of the General Department of Land Administration told Kinh te & Do thi (Economic and Urban Affairs) that guidance documents on revised Land Law was done in record time.
What have the General Department of Land Administration done to bring the 2013 Land Law (revision) to life?
Following the approval of the 2013 Land Law (Revision) in November last year, my department, the General Department of Land Administration (GDLA) was assigned to draft the Prime Minister's Instruction No 01/CT-TTg on how to implement the Land Law.
The document was officially issued on January 22, 2014. It gave specific assignments to each ministry and agency to ensure the law will be well implemented. The document listed three tasks that must be done immediately.
First, to raise awareness about the 2013 Land Law; to develop guiding documents on how to implement the law, including a Decree, a Circulation and a Decision; and to step up ongoing administration reform in land management and land use to facilitate land law enforcement.
Second, to turn the law into reality, there are various activities that must be done immediately, including land planning and land allocation, land lease and the permission to transfer the land use purposes; land acquisition, land compensation, land cadastre and others.
Finally, it is imperative to step up inspection visits and settle people's land petitions, denunciations and disputes.
Your department was given a very short period of time to develop the PM's Instruction. Do you think the document is good enough?
I should say this is the first time in our history of compiling legal land documents, the PM's Instruction on how to implement the Land Law was issued less than two months following the NA's approval.
To tell you the truth, my department was assigned to prepare the PM's Instruction in parallel with the drafting of amendments to the 2003 Land Law.
Following the NA's approval of the 2003 Land Law, my department organised consultation meetings with various agencies right down to the grass roots level to hear their comments on our draft instruction.
As we all know, land is a very complicated and sensitive issue. It has strong impacts on the whole society and the national economy.
Though time was short, we did follow the legal standard procedures in developing and issuing the decrees.
Land prices for acquisitions is the most sensitive issue. What are the changes in the Law and the Decrees that will help address this?
Besides the current four methods of land valuation, the Decree on Land Valuation adds one more method, i.e. the land adjustment coefficient.
The new method hopefully will help the land evaluators come up with prices closer to the market price.
A guiding principle for us during compiling the decrees was to make them as relevant to real life as possible. For example, on the land price framework, we divide the land price into 7 economic regions.
For pricing land in urban areas, we have two groups: special urban areas (Ha Noi and HCM City) and the remaining urban areas.
In the document, we also break down different types of land. For example, land for commerce or services are separated from land for production or non-farm businesses. These will become a solid foundation to calculate the land use tax for land users. — VNS