Head of the Ministry of Public Security's Residence Registration and Management Department, Colonel Vu Xuan Dung, spoke with Gia dinh va Xa hoi (Family and Society) newspaper about new ID cards.
What are differences between the current ID card and the new card?
The new ID card will include all basic information to identify a person. On March 12, the NA's Standing Committee agreed that the new cards would incorporate information contained on the present ID cards (such as name, place of birth, fingerprints, ethnic grouping), household registration books (giving permanent address, marital status and names of wife and children), civil status registration (data prepared by police containing such things as the number of people in a household, and all data relating to births, deaths, number of babies, any convictions and even change of religion).
All the information relating to these three documents will be combined and digitalised on a database system by 2020. The new citizen ID card will be the single entry point for all vital information on individual citizens.
How do the bills on new citizen ID cards and civil status registration relate?
Discussing the citizen ID bill, the Standing Committee proposes to provide citizen with an ID card when they are born to replace birth registration papers. The committee has asked the Government to give the Ministry of Public Security and and the Ministry of Justice tasks and responsibilities relating to the two future laws. The two laws are scheduled to be submitted for National Assembly adoption at the same time to avoid any double-up of information.
Are there any administration shortcoming anticipated relating to the household registration book?
When the new card comes in, we will not use the household registration book because all of its contents will be stored on the ID card. Information relating to where my family came from, temporary residence registration and the names and details of parents, brothers and sisters will be stored on the card. No great problems are anticipated. (At present, many citizens have difficulties moving from place to lace for work and residence. They often have to travel long distances back to their "homelands" to retrieve information or change details of their current living status.)
How many personal documents will be replaced by a citizen ID card?
It is too soon to say. According to the Standing Committee, household registration books and birth registration papers will be the first two documents to be included.. (Eventually, even journalists and teachers, for example, may be able to use the new ID as a Press Card. The NA is still discussing whether to issue the new card together with other cards - or whether to make the new card stand on its own.)
Some deputies said it would be necessary to keep all professional cards. In Hungary, the country that helped Viet Nam prepare its residence database, professional papers are still issued.
All state, social organisations and enterprises will eventually have to install systems for reading the new comprehensive cards and accessing the national database system. For the next six years, the citizen ID card just aims to replace household registration book and birth registration paper. — VNS