Dang Quang Phan, deputy head of the Policy and Legislation Department, spoke to Thoi bao Kinh te Viet Nam (Vietnam Economic Times) about land use issues
Many people complain the land use law has shortcomings that make it difficult to clear land for development projects. What do you think?
The land use law and related legal documents have created a sufficient legal corridor for this purpose. However, there are shortcomings in synchronising them with the law. They include the settlement of complaints, disputes on land use, real estate registration and land finance, among others.
| About three million hectares of land will be put aside for industrialisation and modernisation by 2020. Another one million hectares will be needed to refurbish existing urban areas, develop new residential areas and for the social housing fund.|
Many points in the law and regulations related to such issues as land, housing, construction and investment are not consistent with each other, causing difficulties in their application and for people to understand. Many provincial People's Committees do not issue their own regulations to make the application of land use laws work in their localities.
Also, land clearances are hampered by the fact that housing and land banks in cities and provinces meet only 50-60 per cent of the demand for resettlement. Compensation prices also are obstacles because some regulations concerning land values and vocational training subsidies are being understood in different ways.
Huge land demand is forecast. How will we create a bigger land bank and improve regulations to keep harmony between the parties?
We need to expand land and house transactions to minimise underground activities, retrieve idle and inefficiently used land, increase the land and housing funds for resettlement, auction land use rights and regulate land prices according to supply and demand.
How do we encourage efficient use of this valuable natural resources?
We must plan – including socio-economic planning, land use planning and construction planning – and to regulate the planning of land allotment, renting and retrieval. This will expose and solve suspended planning, land clearances and projects.
The State plans land use. It also uses such measures as allotting, renting and retrieving land in the primary land market, using mechanisms to balance the land reserve in the secondary land market and basically solve the ask-and-give mechanism for land. But that is not enough. The State needs to regulate the secondary land market, with the help of financial tools, without distorting it.
In addition, it is essential to fine tune regulations on compensation and resettlement with attention to consistency and order. — VNS