of the Viet Nam Women’s Union Nguyen Thi Thanh Hoa spoke with Viet Nam News
about the need to increase the retirement age for women from 55 to 60 to improve
compulsory retirement age of 55 for women can be classed as inequality because
men retire at 60. What do you think?
The compulsory retirement
age of 55 for women was stipulated many years ago. To be fair, it reflects the
care of the Party and State for female workers. Besides having outside jobs,
women play a vital role in looking after their families. In the past, the
average number in each family was at least five.
This could negatively
impact on women’s health because of the time spent caring for children and
families. The 55-year policy conformed to working conditions of the time, and to
living standards and the demands of the labour market.
Nowadays, Viet Nam’s
socio-economy is more developed, working conditions are being improved and, more
importantly, women receive much more help from men in doing housework and
looking after children.
In addition, each family
now has only one or two children, so women’s living standards have been
increased and they have more time for themselves. This is why the Party and
State want to adjust the retirement age for women, especially for those working
as managers and leaders.
Institute for Labour Science and Social Affairs proposes two resolutions to
increasing the retirement age for women. Which do you support?
According to the first
proposal, women should have the right to decide what age they want to retire, 55
or 60. The second is that the working age for women be increased by four months
each year from 2011 to 2025. This means that in 2011, a woman can retire at 55
years and four months, in 2012, a woman would be able to retire at 55 years and
eight months ..... and so on until 2025 when the retirement age for women will
be 60, the same age as for men.
I support resolutions that
can provide equality for women and give them the same priorities. The law
already states clearly that both men and women are equal in enjoying retirement
policies. Women have priority in requesting retirement one to five years earlier
you think increasing the retirement age for women could create fewer jobs for
Article 55 of Viet Nam’s
1992 Constitution stipulates that working is a citizen’s duty, and the State
and society have to create more jobs for women.
Thus, working and
generating jobs is not only a woman’s responsibility, but also the State’s -
and society’s. Although 55 per cent of retired women still continue working,
this is not a reason for youth unemployment. In my point of view, Vietnamese
youth is intelligent enough to decide on a career instead of waiting to take
jobs left by retirees. — VNS