courses may help students find work
at the second Viet Nam Economic Forum in Ha Noi yesterday discussed the
importance of developing human resources and infrastructure in Viet Nam. Below
is a summary of some of the presentations.
Tran Thi Ha, director
general of the Tertiary Education Department under the Ministry of Education and
The education sector is
now discussing ways to reduce the gap between training and the market demand for
human resources. We are encouraging training schools to sign contracts on
workforce demand with enterprises. At the moment, we are working with the
Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs to provide information on
employer needs, while providing enterprises with the names of schools and the
training courses they offer.
The Ministry of Education
and Training has held many conferences where enterprises can meet
representatives from schools with relevant training courses to find out whether
their curricula match the enterprises’ needs or not.
In the coming time, we
plan to organise conferences on human-resource training in the healthcare and
head of Ha Noi Campus, RMIT International University of Viet Nam:
Globally, governments and
universities are looking to change tertiary education so that more colleges
offer vocational job-related education as opposed to academic universities. The
new trend in the world is towards vocational training and education with a focus
on practical, industry-interactive courses. Viet Nam is facing the same
challenges and human-resource shortages.
A globalised workplace and
regional integration mean graduates must compete across borders and in other
cultures for jobs. Vietnamese universities are facing the challenge of producing
graduates with marketable skills here and abroad.
I think Viet Nam should
organise short-term courses offering valuable diplomas and certificates that
will help them find work. Afterwards, they can return to education to get a
higher degree. This is experience-based learning.
Higher education needs to
co-operate with enterprises to avoid the situation where graduates cannot find
International Labour Organisation’s expert on labour market information:
The ILO, with the
financial and conceptual support of the European Union, and in close
co-operation with the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA)
has embarked on a major project with very significant implications for
human-resource development in Viet Nam.
Known simply as the Labour
Market Project, it approaches the issue of enhancing human-resource development
for sustainable growth in Viet Nam from two very different but complementary
The first approach is from
the more traditional angle, which sees human-resource development and skills’
enhancement as closely aligned. From this perspective, the project is not aimed
so much at directly achieving major changes as demonstrating some key principles
which need to be given a high priority in order to get the best value from
sustainable human-resource development from the vocational training sector in
The second part of the
EU/ILO/Viet Nam Labour Market Project involves working from a very different
perspective. Its task here is to make a substantial contribution to influencing
and enhancing human-resource development at the macro level.
Or, to put it another way,
perhaps the most productive and beneficial form of human-resource development
comes when the labour market as a whole can be made to work smoothly and fairly;
and in the best interests of sustainable socio-economic objectives.
Unfortunately, however, it
is very rare indeed for labour markets anywhere to work smoothly and fairly on
their own. The simple fact is that the demand and supply sides of the labour
market are influenced by very different factors and unsurprisingly they get out
of balance in a variety of ways. And when they get out of balance they become
inefficient and do not make the best use of national human resources.
Nguyen Ba Thuoc, deputy
general director of Viet Nam Posts and telecommunications Group (VNPT):
The impressive development
of telecommunications and information technology has brought significant changes
to mankind’s socio-economic life. Modern technology and changing lifestyles
and working modes are opening a brilliant prospect for a new social form – an
information society. It can be said that telecommunications/information
technology is an opportunity for developing countries to foster economic
development and narrow the gap with developed countries.
In recent years, the
Vietnamese economy has achieved a high growth rate along with increasingly deep
international integration. The telecommunications/information technology
industry, in which VNPT is a leading corporation, has made a major contribution
to the country’s socio-economic development all over the country from big
cities to remote provinces.
On April 19, the telecoms
satellite Vinasat-1, owned by VNPT, was successfully launched into space.
Vinasat-1 will help improve Viet Nam’s telecoms infrastructure as well as the
network’s capacity and reliability.
As you may know, poor
infrastructure is an obstacle to economic development and a barrier to
investors. However, infrastructure development requires considerable capital,
but current capital resources for development are insufficient. In order to
mobilise maximum resources for infrastructure development for modern
telecommunications/information technology as an important basis for developing
different types of services and network application VNPT has focused on
expanding strategic associations with partners from different economic
backgrounds; co-operating with them in developing and exploiting
telecommunications/information technology network infrastructure.
technology infrastructure development will play an important role in
infrastructure development of other industries, attracting investors and helping
to sustain the country’s economic growth.
William Lean, managing
director of VinaCapital Infrastructure Fund:
I have been in Viet Nam
for 10 years. I can see that there are a huge number of motorbikes both in Ha
Noi and HCM City. As a result, I am extremely excited by the establishment of an
At the moment, VinaCapital
is providing solutions to power outages, transport problems and the need for
industrial parks in Viet Nam. As for our plan going forward, we are keen to
continue to support Viet Nam in the fields of power, transport and the
Many of us are familiar
with the current problems in the world’s capital and financial markets. One
lesson to be drawn from the current crisis is that it’s vitally important to
invest in infrastructure that is less affected and vulnerable to global risks.
The number of cars in Viet Nam is rapidly increasing. I believe in the
development of the auto industry in Viet Nam. It would therefore be a good idea
to invest more in infrastructure. — VNS