Nang: ‘Five No’s’, ‘Three Have’s’, and now you’ve got it
Kinh te Viet Nam (Vietnam Economics Time) spoke to Tran Van Minh, Chairman of
the Da Nang People’s Committee, about the city’s progress towards
development and economic integration.
How would you assess
Da Nang’s progress in socio-economic development?
Da Nang is in a convenient
strategic position for economic and international trade development. Located at
the centre of the country, the city has an important role to play in terms of
commerce and transportation. It is viewed as a main gateway to the East Sea from
the Central Highlands and central provinces and Mekong region countries along
the East-West economic corridor.
Da Nang has become a main
point on the central heritage road and has major potential for tourism
In the past few years, the
infrastructure of the city has been quickly developed, changing the city’s
aspect. Applying flexible State policies, Da Nang has succeeded in planning and
restructuring the city.
With the high speed of
urbanisation, the city has become larger, with 3,000ha of slums cleaned up and
rebuilt into a new urban area. Beside developing a modern urban area, the city
has also focused on improving traffic systems including roads and bridges.
GDP per capita in 2006 was
VND18 million, an increase of three times over 1997. The economic structure is
moving in the direction of industrialisation and modernisation. In particular,
the proportion of industry and construction has grown from 35.2 per cent of GDP
in 1997 to 48.3 per cent in 2006.
With flexible policies,
the city has seen remarkable results in attracting foreign investment. Foreign
direct investment has increased from US$430 million in 1997 to $1 billion in
What about the
standard of living of city residents?
We are sure that the
people’s quality of live has greatly improved. Alongside economic development,
the city has continuously implemented social programmes to improve people’s
In detail, tens of
thousands living in substandard housing have been relocated to new housing. The
average income per person has increased 3.8 times during ten years, and the city
has created 270,000 new jobs. We’ve eliminated hunger in the city and the
number of poor households has decreased remarkably. Healthcare, education, and
the cultural and spiritual lives of people have all received tremendous focus.
With the programme of the
‘Five No’s’, Da Nang has ensured that there is no hunger, no illiteracy,
no homelessness, no drug addiction and no crime. The programme of the ‘Three
Have’s’ – having a job, having a home, and having a civil lifestyle – is
creating new steps for improving people’s living quality.
All Da Nang citizens and
local authorities hope that the achievements of the two programmes are
sustainable and become a trademark for the city.
How has Da Nang
played a role in the economy of the central region?
Resolution No 33/NQ-TW
foresees Da Nang becoming one of the biggest cities in the country and the
social and economic hub of the central region.
With the achievements for
recent years, especially in commerce, trade, and technology, Da Nang is
gradually affirming its position as a motive force in the region.
On the international
arena, Da Nang is well known as a place with tourist potential which attracts
investment. The city has so far set up relationship with 28 provinces and cities
in 12 countries and territories worldwide.
Da Nang has received
high-ranking delegations from Laos, Thailand, and China, and hosted many
diplomatic events like the APEC ministerial meeting on bird flu and APEC-SOM3.
The city’s target
for 2006-10 term is to actively integrate and hasten development. What does this
The city will set up
detailed programmes and projects and carry them out in accordance with each
stage of the city’s development. Basically, there are three overall
The first is to
comprehensively renew and strengthen public support, mobilise resources, take
full advantage of opportunities and overcome challenges, effectively push
economic growth and stability, and improve living standards.
Secondly, it is necessary
to accelerate the economic restructuring process in order to quicken industrial
development, attract more investment into the tourism sector, and advance trade
Maritime services and
industries will be improved through expanding the Da Nang port to accommodate
international transportation on the East-West corridor.
Da Nang City will become
more civilised and modern, making it the Central region’s economic, cultural,
Thirdly, city planners
will focus on the construction of new urban areas that will meet resettlement
needs and help stabilise people’s lives. Big projects - like widening Highway
1A, building the Da Nang international airport, broadening Tien Sa port - should
be completed soon.
Resolution 33, especially those focusing on economic restructuring,
administrative reforms and the "Three Have’s", are in need of being
should always go with environmental protection to ensure the city’s stable and
In the context of
economic integration and globalisation, especially after Viet Nam joins the WTO,
what will Da Nang focus on?
globalisation open up both opportunities and challenges. To me, in order to
attract investment in the future, we need to increase the competitiveness of the
local area not only in the region but also in the international arena.
Besides following the
investment law and enterprise law, the city will push to improve the investment
environment so that it can become more convenient for investors. Reforming
administrative procedures, improving infrastructure, promoting activities to
attract investment, and applying special policies to major projects will all be
emphasised. The city will also start choosing technology to ensure a clean
environment and stable development. — VNS