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Myanmar marks independence day

Update: January, 05/2005 - 00:00

Myanmar marks independence day


Myanmar’s Ambassador to Viet Nam, U Tin Latt.

On the occasion of its Independence Day on Tuesday, Myanmar’s Ambassador to Viet Nam, U Tin Latt, wrote to Viet Nam News.

Myanmar commemorated the 57th Anniversary of Independence Day on January 4 throughout the whole country.

After more than a century of sacrifices, struggle and resistance with the unity and solidarity of its national races, Myanmar regained its independence in 1948.

As Myanmar is a union composed of more than 100 different national races, each with its own culture and traditions, national unity is the key to achieving its vision of a prosperous democratic nation.

Therefore, the Government has placed the priority on achieving the firm national reconsolidation and for developing the remote areas where most of the national races have been living.

The ultimate aim of the Government is to ensure the emergence of a peaceful, prosperous and democratic state.

The reality prevailing in the country deserves the understanding of the international community. Democratisation, like any human endeavour, is a delicate process. Care must be taken to ensure that the transition process is peaceful and effective. It is a process that needs to be encouraged rather than be impeded. If the overwhelming desire of the international community is to promote democracy, then it would be recognised that the application of sanctions and pressure tactics would only hinder the process.

An enduring democracy requires a firm foundation and development of strong democratic institutions. In this regard, the government is laying that foundation step by step.

In order to achieve this goal, the seven-step road map was laid down in August 2003. The Government has already initiated steps for the implementation of the road map. The major steps include on the one hand preparations for the holding of the National Convention, and on the other creating a positive atmosphere conducive to the successful holding of the convention. In this regard, the holding of the National Convention is not only the first step of the road map but also the most crucial one.

In order to lay down the basic principles for the drafting of a firm and stable constitution, the National Convention was reconvened in March and adjourned in July 2004 with the participation of more than 1000 delegates representing the various strata of society and walks of life, and will be resumed in February 2005.

In the economic sphere, Myanmar has been able to maintain a steady course in its effort to promote a market-oriented system in spite of the unilateral sanctions instituted by some Western countries. In the health and education sectors, the country now has 757 hospitals, an increase of 140 hospitals over a span of 15 years.

Over the same period not only the number of colleges and universities in the country has increased, but also the number of enrolments for those institutes has risen.

Improvement to the country’s infrastructure is highly visible as the Government has constructed roads, railroads, bridges, dams and reservoirs. New transport facilities, including three seaport terminals and a modern international airport at Mandalay, were built.

During the time of the present Government, it has spent more than 50 billion kyats and over 500 million dollars to improve the economic, basic infrastructure, education and health condition of the border areas.

A view of Bagan, historic capital of Myanmar, also known as the city of four million temples. — VNS File Photo

With the end of the Cold War, the international environment has changed drastically and due to the ascendancy of science and technology, particularly in the information and communication sector, the world is becoming increasingly interconnected.

In this new international environment, it is important to focus on regional integration, strong ties with neighbours and multilateralism. As we live in the era of globalisation, as a member of ASEAN, Myanmar is actively involved in the association activities for promoting regional peace, stability and prosperity and enhancing co-operation in the Asia-Pacific region.

In sub-regional co-operation such as Ayeyawady - Chao Phraya - Mekong Economic Co-operation (ACMECS) and Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Section Oral Technical Co-operation (BIMSTEC) and regional co-operation, Mynamar is also an active player.

At the same time, Myanmar actively co-operates with the family of nations by supporting the United Nations and collaborates with the international

community to overcome the menaces of terrorism, narcotic drug trafficking and other transnational crimes.

Since Myanmar regained its independence in 1948, the relationship between Viet Nam and Myanmar has been increasing in terms of politics, economic and social fields based on genuine friendship and understanding.

The successive leaders of both countries have frequently exchanged visits in order to strengthen mutual understanding and cordial friendship. Similarly both countries have never failed to support each other whenever the time has come.

After establishing the Joint Commission for bilateral co-operation between the two countries, the 5th Meeting of Viet Nam - Myanmar Joint Commission for bilateral co-operation was held in Ha Noi in December, 2004. At the meeting, both sides successfully discussed further trade and economic co-operation between the two countries.—VNS





 50.1 million (UN, 2004)







National flag

 Red background with a blue canton, in the centre is a cog and rice plant, circled by 14 white stars.


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