marks independence day
Ambassador to Viet Nam, U Tin Latt.
occasion of its Independence Day on Tuesday, Myanmar’s Ambassador to Viet Nam,
U Tin Latt, wrote to Viet Nam News.
Myanmar commemorated the
57th Anniversary of Independence Day on January 4 throughout the whole country.
After more than a century
of sacrifices, struggle and resistance with the unity and solidarity of its
national races, Myanmar regained its independence in 1948.
As Myanmar is a union
composed of more than 100 different national races, each with its own culture
and traditions, national unity is the key to achieving its vision of a
prosperous democratic nation.
Therefore, the Government
has placed the priority on achieving the firm national reconsolidation and for
developing the remote areas where most of the national races have been living.
The ultimate aim of the
Government is to ensure the emergence of a peaceful, prosperous and democratic
The reality prevailing in
the country deserves the understanding of the international community.
Democratisation, like any human endeavour, is a delicate process. Care must be
taken to ensure that the transition process is peaceful and effective. It is a
process that needs to be encouraged rather than be impeded. If the overwhelming
desire of the international community is to promote democracy, then it would be
recognised that the application of sanctions and pressure tactics would only
hinder the process.
An enduring democracy
requires a firm foundation and development of strong democratic institutions. In
this regard, the government is laying that foundation step by step.
In order to achieve this
goal, the seven-step road map was laid down in August 2003. The Government has
already initiated steps for the implementation of the road map. The major steps
include on the one hand preparations for the holding of the National Convention,
and on the other creating a positive atmosphere conducive to the successful
holding of the convention. In this regard, the holding of the National
Convention is not only the first step of the road map but also the most crucial
In order to lay down the
basic principles for the drafting of a firm and stable constitution, the
National Convention was reconvened in March and adjourned in July 2004 with the
participation of more than 1000 delegates representing the various strata of
society and walks of life, and will be resumed in February 2005.
In the economic sphere,
Myanmar has been able to maintain a steady course in its effort to promote a
market-oriented system in spite of the unilateral sanctions instituted by some
Western countries. In the health and education sectors, the country now has 757
hospitals, an increase of 140 hospitals over a span of 15 years.
Over the same period not
only the number of colleges and universities in the country has increased, but
also the number of enrolments for those institutes has risen.
Improvement to the country’s
infrastructure is highly visible as the Government has constructed roads,
railroads, bridges, dams and reservoirs. New transport facilities, including
three seaport terminals and a modern international airport at Mandalay, were
During the time of the
present Government, it has spent more than 50 billion kyats and over 500 million
dollars to improve the economic, basic infrastructure, education and health
condition of the border areas.
|A view of Bagan, historic
capital of Myanmar, also known as the city of four million temples. —
VNS File Photo
With the end of the Cold
War, the international environment has changed drastically and due to the
ascendancy of science and technology, particularly in the information and
communication sector, the world is becoming increasingly interconnected.
In this new international
environment, it is important to focus on regional integration, strong ties with
neighbours and multilateralism. As we live in the era of globalisation, as a
member of ASEAN, Myanmar is actively involved in the association activities for
promoting regional peace, stability and prosperity and enhancing co-operation in
the Asia-Pacific region.
co-operation such as Ayeyawady - Chao Phraya - Mekong Economic Co-operation (ACMECS)
and Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Section Oral Technical Co-operation (BIMSTEC)
and regional co-operation, Mynamar is also an active player.
At the same time, Myanmar
actively co-operates with the family of nations by supporting the United Nations
and collaborates with the international
community to overcome the
menaces of terrorism, narcotic drug trafficking and other transnational crimes.
Since Myanmar regained its
independence in 1948, the relationship between Viet Nam and Myanmar has been
increasing in terms of politics, economic and social fields based on genuine
friendship and understanding.
The successive leaders of
both countries have frequently exchanged visits in order to strengthen mutual
understanding and cordial friendship. Similarly both countries have never failed
to support each other whenever the time has come.
After establishing the
Joint Commission for bilateral co-operation between the two countries, the 5th
Meeting of Viet Nam - Myanmar Joint Commission for bilateral co-operation was
held in Ha Noi in December, 2004. At the meeting, both sides successfully
discussed further trade and economic co-operation between the two countries.—VNS
AT A GLANCE
million (UN, 2004)
background with a blue canton, in the centre is a cog and rice
plant, circled by 14 white stars.