||Death of Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt. She is said to have committed suicide by allowing an asp to bite her breast.
||British scientist Ernest Rutherford (died 1937) is born in New Zealand. He classified radiation into alpha, beta, and gamma types. His finding that alpha radiation consists of positive charged helium atoms led to his discovery of the atomic nucleus in 1906. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1908.
||The first stereophonic sound system is patented in Germany.
||Jawaharlal Nehru founds the Independence of India League to work towards freedom from British rule.
||Death of Sir J J Thomson, English physicist who discovered the electron in 1897. He was buried near Isaac Newton in the nave of Westminster Abbey.
||Britain re-establishes its governance of Hong Kong, which was returned to China in 1997, ending three years and seven months of Japanese occupation.
||Hurrican David devastates the island nation of Dominica as it rampages through the Caribbean and US eastern seaboard, claiming 1,000 lives.
||Britain's Princess Diana, her boyfriend Emad Mohammed al-Fayed, the Harrod's heir, and driver Henri Paul die in a car crash in Paris after being chased by photographers.
||Troops allied with the government of Congo capture the strategic port town of Matadi from rebel forces trying to oust President Laurent Kabila.
||Residents of East Timor vote for independence from Indonesia in a UN-sponsored ballot. — AP/REUTERS