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July 8 in History

Update: July, 08/2011 - 09:43

1524

Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazano arrives in France to report his discoveries in the New World, which included the New York Bay. His voyage became the basis for French claims on the territory.

1621

Birth of Jean de La Fontaine (died 1695), French poet who collected the fables of Aesop and others in his Fables.

1839

Birth of John D Rockefeller, US oil millionaire and philanthropist. When Rockefeller died in 1937, his estate totalled US$26 million, after he had given most of his property to his philanthropies, to his son and other heirs.

1965

US aircraft destroy the Thanh Hoa Tuberculosis Hospital, one of Viet Nam's three largest facilities for tuberculosis treatment, and a densely populated area around the hospital, during the American air war against North Viet Nam.

1967

Death of Vivien Leigh, British actress of stage and screen; best known for her award winning role in the film Gone with the Wind, she also starred in A Streetcar Named Desire and That Hamilton Woman.

1996

By the narrowest of margins, the International Court of Justice advises that the use or threat of nuclear weapons in war should be outlawed.

1997

NATO extends membership invitations to three former Eastern European countries – Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic.

2002

A group of about 150 women occupy the ChevronTexaco Corp oil pipeline terminal in Escravos, Nigeria, trapping some 700 workers inside in a seven-day siege. The women demanded that ChevronTexaco employed their sons and provided their villages with electricity.

2004

Europe's top human rights court rejects an appeal to grant full human rights to a fetus, saying that is a matter for national governments to decide.

2005

Leader of southern Sudanese rebels, John Garang, makes a triumphant arrival in Khartoum to singing and dancing by thousands of southerners and northerners hopeful for a new era after Africa's longest war. — REUTERS/AP/VNS

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