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March 11 in History

Update: March, 11/2010 - 11:37

1892

The French launch a massive attack on the base of Vietnamese insurgents in Yen The, Bac Giang Province. The base was overrun on March 31 and the defenders withdrew to Lang Son Province to recoup. The Yen The insurrection, led by Hoang Hoa Tham, popularly known as De Tham, lasted 25 years (1887-1913).

1931

Birth of Rupert Murdoch, Australian newspaper and television magnate, owner of the News Corporation Ltd, a media conglomerate that has ventured into all forms of media: television, film, print, and most recently, the internet.

1945

Patriotic troops in the mountain district of Ba To, Quang Ngai Province attack and capture the entire Japanese garrison there. On March 12, a revolutionary administration was established and, on March 14, a 28 - member guerrilla unit was formally set up, which played a major role in the struggle against the Japanese army in central Viet Nam.

1951

At a people's meeting of Viet Nam, Laos and Cambodia, delegates agree to form a tri-partite union.

1955

Death of Alexander Fleming, Scottish bacteriologist who discovered penicillin in 1928. He won the Nobel Prize in 1945.

1975

Liberation forces overrun all Sai Gon bases in Buon Ma Thuot in the Central Highlands.

1993

North Korea withdraws from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty in a harsh rebuff of Western demands to open suspected nuclear weapons development sites for inspection.

1999

Indonesia and Portugal agree on a UN-sponsored referendum for the people of East Timor to decide whether they want autonomy or independence from Indonesia.

2004

A series of bombs hidden in backpacks explode in quick succession, blowing apart four commuter trains in Madrid, Spain, killing 199 people and wounding more than 1,400. Spain blamed Basque separatists but a shadowy group claimed responsibility in the name of al-Qaeda for the worst terrorist attack in Spanish history. — AP/REUTERS/VNS

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