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May 20 in History

Update: May, 19/2009 - 00:00

May 20 in History

1808

Birth of Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoleon III), Emperor of France 1852-70. After defeat in the Franco-Prussian War, he was deposed and the Third Republic was proclaimed.

1841

The Murders in the Rue Morgue by Edgar Allan Poe, considered the first detective story, is published in Graham’s Magazine in Philadelphia.

1889

Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria.

1931

Nguyen Ai Quoc (Ho Chi Minh), in a letter to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Indochina from abroad, suggests a number of measures for the Party to apply to meet the demands of Viet Nam’s revolutionary movement, including the establishment of an anti-imperialist alliance in the form of a national front.

1943

In World War II the massacre of Jews in the Warsaw ghetto begins.

1949

Scientists at the Mayo Clinic announced they’d succeeded in synthesizing a hormone found to be useful in treating rheumatoid arthritis; the substance was named "cortisone".

1970

President Richard M Nixon announces the withdrawal of 150,000 US military personnel from South Viet Nam.

1994

Israeli and PLO negotiators wrap up an agreement transferring civilian government powers to the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.

1996

World leaders meeting in Moscow agree to boost nuclear safety through new co-operation. Ukraine also confirmed, a decade after the Chernobyl disaster, that it would close down the plant by the year 2000.

1999

At the time, the worst in a rash of school shootings in the United States kills 15 people, including the two student gunmen, at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado. – AP/REUTERS/VNS

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