MANILA – The United States, Britain, Australia and the United Nations mobilised emergency aid to the Philippines as the scale of the devastation unleashed by Super Typhoon Haiyan continued to emerge on Tuesday.
The Pentagon sent Marines and equipment while Britain was to send a ship and a transporter plane to assist with the relief effort following the typhoon, which may have killed more than 10,000 people in what is feared to be the country's worst natural disaster.
Even Viet Nam, despite coping itself with a mass evacuation programme as a weakened Haiyan swung through its territory on Monday, provided emergency aid worth $100,000 and said it "stands by the Philippine people in this difficult situation."
The relief operation was focused on the city of Tacloban on Leyte island, four days after one of the biggest storms in recorded history demolished entire communities across the central Philippines and left countless bodies as well as gnawing desperation in its wake.
Delivering on a promise of quick help from President Barack Obama, about 90 US Marines and sailors based in Japan flew into Tacloban aboard two C-130 Hercules transport aircraft, after receiving a bird's eye view of the immense scale of destruction across Leyte.
They brought communication and logistical equipment to support the Philippine armed forces in their relief operation.
"We are going to move stuff as they direct, as the Philippine government and the armed forces (ask)," Brigadier General Paul Kennedy, the head of the Okinawa-based 3rd Marine Expedition Brigade, said in Tacloban.
Kennedy's men were the advance guard of a Marine operation that in total will encompass up to nine C-130s plus four MV-22 Ospreys – tilt-rotor planes that can operate without runways – and two P3 Orion aircraft for search and rescue.
"That is what I do, I provide capabilities that are not resident here," Kennedy told reporters.
Later on Monday, the Marine Corps announced it was sending a further 90 troops tasked with helping a humanitarian assistance survey team on the ground.
Britain's HMS Daring, a destroyer, will sail to the Philippines "at full speed" from its current deployment in Singapore, and will be joined by a Royal Air Force C-17 transporter plane, Prime Minister David Cameron announced in London on Monday.
Britain will also boost its aid from £6 million ($9.6 million) to £10 million.
The Australian government pledged A$10 million (US$9.38 million), with Foreign Minister Julie Bishop describing the unfolding tragedy as "absolutely devastating" and on a "massive scale."
The sum includes A$4 million towards a UN global appeal and A$3 million for Australian non-government organisations. The aid will include tarpaulins, sleeping mats, mosquito nets, water containers and health and hygiene kits.
A team of Australian medics will leave on Wednesday via a C-17 military transport plane from Darwin to join disaster experts already on the ground, the government said.
Philippine rescue teams were said to be overwhelmed in their efforts to help those whose homes and livelihoods were destroyed after Haiyan ravaged large swathes of the archipelago on Friday.
Officials were struggling to cope with the scale of death and destruction, with reports of violent looters and scarcity of food, drinking water and shelter. United Nations leader Ban Ki-moon promised UN humanitarian agencies would "respond rapidly to help people in need."
John Ging, UN humanitarian operations director, said the United Nations will appeal for significant international aid for victims on Tuesday.
UN humanitarian chief Valerie Amos was expected in Manila to run a joint relief operation by the United Nations and private groups.
The UN children's fund UNICEF said a cargo plane carrying 60 tonnes of aid including shelters and medicine would arrive in the Philippines on Tuesday, to be followed by deliveries of water purification and sanitation equipment.
The UN refugee agency UNHCR was also organising an airlift carrying aid including hygiene kits containing basics such as soap, blankets and underwear.
"The level of destruction we're seeing reported is absolutely staggering," said Antonio Guterres, head of UNHCR.
Though the agency usually focuses on conflict situations, the "exceptional nature" of the Philippine tragedy required "all possible efforts... we will play our part," Guterres said.
Pope Francis led 60,000 people in Sunday prayers for the Philippines, urging the faithful to provide "concrete help" to the largely Roman Catholic country. Other aid mobilised for the Philippines includes:
The European Commission said it would give three million euros ($4 million) towards the relief efforts.
Germany's embassy in Manila said an initial shipment of 23 tonnes of aid was being flown in and German rescue teams were already at work.
Japan was Monday sending a disaster relief and medical team of 25 people, while Malaysia also readied a relief crew and cash aid was offered by Taiwan and Singapore.
New Zealand increased its humanitarian relief on Monday, bringing its total to NZ$2.15 million (US$1.78 million), while Canada has promised up to US$5 million to aid organisations.
Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders) said it was sending 200 tonnes of aid including medicine, tents and hygiene kits to arrive mid-week, with the first cargo plane leaving from Dubai on Monday and another from Belgium on Tuesday.
The United Nations has warned of a quickly mounting death toll from the super typhoon in the Philippines, with 10,000 people feared killed in the worst-hit city of Tacloban alone.
One top humanitarian official said the UN was "expecting the worst" on the final body count, and also cited the desperate need for clean drinking water and food for survivors of the disaster. AFP