The traditional celebration of the Throne Day in Morocco goes back many centuries. It is the expression of an immutable pact (Beia' or allegiance) between the King and the People. This pact has been well respected and enshrined in the shared history of Moroccan people and the Royal Alaouite dynasty for many centuries.
|Steeped in history: Tour Hassan in Rabat, Morocco. — Photo wallpaperswiki.org
The celebration of the National Day of the Kingdom of Morocco coincides with the date of the King's enthronement. The celebration has taken place each year since the accession to the throne of His Majesty the King Mohammed VI on July 30, 1999.
Morocco has been on a steady path of reforms that started more than two decades ago. His Majesty the King has consolidated, accelerated and broadened political, economic and social reforms that have contributed highly to the political stability and the economic growth of the country.
The Kingdom constitutes a genuine reformist exception in a region that was plagued by turmoil and political instability. Morocco's experience in political, economic and social reforms is now exportable to many neighbouring countries, particularly in Africa.
Prioritising political reforms; development of human-rights:
The Constitutional reform of 2011, overwhelmingly approved by referendum, enshrined several key changes in Morocco's political system. It established a constitutional monarchy, strengthened the principle of separation of powers and solidified the rule of law by broadening the legislative powers of Parliament and mandating an independent judiciary.
Morocco now has one of the most advanced political party and parliamentary systems in North Africa and the Middle East, where the opposition accedes to power through normal political process based on an alternating system.
The 2011 Constitution guarantees and strengthens protections for human rights and fundamental freedoms. Civil liberties, including freedom of speech, the press, assembly, and association, are all enshrined in Morocco's Constitution.
In 2011, Morocco replaced a consultative board on human rights with a National Human Rights Council, depicted in the Constitution as a fully autonomous body with increased investigative and monitoring powers. The council has been active in monitoring human rights at the local, regional and national levels.
In 2004, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established to uncover abuses of human rights and provided compensation for victims, individuals and communities. This was a brave and unique experience in the region.
Morocco has undertaken a multi-year strategy to promote sustainable development and greater economic growth. The Kingdom is one of the countries currently on track to meet 2015 Millennium Development Goals. Morocco has focused on reducing extreme poverty, providing potable water and electricity and achieving universal primary education and gender equality.
To consolidate its human development initiatives, the Kingdom has launched economic development plans. The mainstays of these strategies include agriculture, green energy, tourism, Information Technology, and seven key industrial sectors ranging from aeronautics and automobile manufacturing to textiles.
Thanks to these strategies, Morocco is considered the first auto maker in North Africa and the second in Africa. The Kingdom will join the world top 20 tourism destinations by the year 2020 and it is building the world largest solar power plant to produce 2000 megawatts of solar energy by 2020.
The 2013 World Economic Forum classified Morocco as the best performer in North Africa.
Consolidating Moroccan spiritual and religious identity:
Its deep history and geographic location has always made Morocco a melting pot of different cultures, races and religions. The Kingdom is known for having a moderate form of Islam following the Malikite doctrine, which rejects more hard-line interpretations of islamic precepts.
For many decades, Morocco has been promoting interfaith dialogue between different cultures through the organisation of the Fes Festival of World Sacred Music and the Essaouira Gnaoua World Music Festival. It also has organised training programmes for imams (Islamic leaders of mosques) coming from many African countries, including Mali, Nigeria, Tunisia and Libya.
Promoting South-South co-operation:
Since 2008, King Mohammed VI has placed Morocco's approach for South-South cooperation at the forefront of the country's strategic and economic priorities. Morocco strongly advocates South-South cooperation, through a continuing openness toward developing countries, particularly in the African continent.
The Moroccan approach toward Africa has been clearly depicted by the Royal vision that considers it as a continent with tremendous opportunities if African nations move toward regional integration and mutually profitable partnership: "Africa should learn to trust Africa. Africa needs human and social development projects much more than it needs humanitarian aid," said his Majesty in a speech at the Moroccan Ivorian Economic Forum on February 24.
The King has undertaken successive visits to many African countries, including Mali, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea and Gabon, accompanied by government delegations and CEOs from major Moroccan companies. The last trip was a Royal tour to West Africa in 2014. More than 80 co-operation agreements were signed during these visits. Morocco is the second largest African investor in the African continent.
Flourishing bilateral co-operation:
Ties between Morocco and Viet Nam have been steadily developing since the year 2000. The two countries opened embassies in 2005 and 2006. Morocco and Viet Nam have signed many agreements covering political, economic and cultural areas.
Both sides are satisfied with the development of relations and wish to further strengthen it. Officials from the two countries have exchanged many high ranking visits at the governmental and parliamentary levels, and held three sessions of the Joint Committee for Co-operation, in addition to four political consultations, last of which was held in December, 2013, in Rabat.
Morocco and Viet Nam have set pillars for educational and cultural co-operation since the signing of an economic, cultural, scientific and technical bilateral agreement in 2004. Morocco is providing Viet Nam with 10 scholarships a year for Vietnamese wishing to pursue their studies in Morocco. More than 26 Vietnamese students are already taking part in academic programmes at Moroccan universities and high educational institutions. — VNS