|Go Cong protection forest has been damaged by seawater instrusion in Mekong Delta's Tien Giang Province. — VNA/VNS Photo Minh Tri
TIEN GIANG (VNS)— Land erosion and forest degradation across coastal areas in the Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta province of Tien Giang have reached alarming levels, increasing the risk of flooding.
Participants at a seminar held in Tien Giang on Thursday concluded that sustainable measures must be found to resolve the situation which has become progressively worse in recent years.
The combination of water flows near the coast, strong winds and waves has played a major role in the increase of land erosion and forest degradation.
Meanwhile, the impact of climate change and rising sea levels is worsening the situation.
Tien Giang has more than 1,500ha of protection forests along coastal lines, according to the province's Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.
Of the figure, the Go Cong Dong protection forest, which directly shields the Go Cong sea dyke, accounts for nearly 700ha.
Protection forests along the Go Cong sea dyke have been severely eroded over the past 10 years and the province has not found effective measures to tackle the problem.
In some sections of the dyke, protection forests have been receding inland by 8-10 metres a year.
The width of protection forests along the Go Cong sea dyke is now very thin, ranging between 30-300 metres.
In places where protection forests are severely degraded, the dyke directly faces the sea and is at high risk of bursting, especially during storms and periods of low pressure.
In places where the dykes are exposed to the sea, the province has reinforced the dyke body and crest, but this is only a temporary measure.
Participants at the seminar proposed several ideas to protect sea coasts and create alluvial grounds for developing mangrove forests.
To mitigate the loss of forests, Tien Giang has set up plans for classifying different types of forests and developing each variety from now to 2020.
The development of protection forests will ensure requirements for wave and erosion prevention, as well as helping to diversify biology systems.
The province will plant new forests on vacant coastal areas and alluvial grounds, while encouraging all economic sectors to invest in forest development. — VNS