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Mong people and their horses

Update: February, 23/2014 - 12:00

Traditional Mong people believe that to be a man, one must be able to ride a horse.

Young men are able to show their people they are real men at special horse racing events.

There has recently been a horse racing festival that the Mong and other people have taken part in.

The Mong people love their horses.

Hoofing it: The horse race featuring Mong ethnic jockeys drew many onlookers.
Hoofing it: The horse race featuring Mong ethnic jockeys drew many onlookers. - VNS Photo Truong Vi

by Thuy Hang

HA NOI (VNS)— A horse race featuring 16 ethnic Mong jockeys from the northern mountainous province of Lao Cai drew thousands of spectators to the Culture Tourism Village of Vietnamese Ethnic Groups on Saturday.

The event was part of the three-day Sac Xuan Tren Moi Mien To Quoc (Spring in Every Region Nationwide) festival, which stages the festive spring rituals of various ethnic groups. The village is in Dong Mo, Son Tay Town, about 40km west of Ha Noi,

Tran Huu Son, director of the Lao Cai Culture, Sports and Tourism Department, explained that horses play an important role in Mong culture.

"In the past, to be considered a true man, a Mong guy must not only be able to play khen (traditional Mong bamboo pipe flute), but also ride a horse.

Horse races in every village offer young men the chance to prove themselves," said Son, who is also deputy chairman of the Association of Vietnamese Folklorists.

The most famous large-scale race took place in Bac Ha Commune and attracted not only Mong, but also Tay and Nung ethnic people living in neighbouring regions. However, it was interrupted for a long time. Since its restoration in 2007, it has drawn thousands of people every year, even though the horses are not professional racehorses.

"The Mong people regard our horses as family members. The horses help us with farming and accompany us to the market, carrying many heavy packs on their backs," said 19-year-old jockey Vang Seo Vu.

First-time spectator Le Thuy Dung said the race "brought her a lot of laughs," especially when horses "couldn't run forward but turned back to the starting point or threw the jockeys down on the ground."

Middle-aged visitor Tran Quang Hung said he was impressed by the brave ethnic jockeys, who rode without harnesses.

"I enjoyed the event very much and I will definitely visit Bac Ha to experience the real race," he said.

The festival kicked off on Saturday morning with the staging of a ritual ceremony of the Lo Lo group in Meo Vac Commune in the northern mountainous province of Ha Giang, with the participation of President Truong Tan Sang and other cultural senior officers.

Held from the 15th to 17th day of the third lunar month, the ritual involves praying for good weather and a bumper crop. The necessary offerings include chicken, pork, steamed sticky rice, maize wine, joss sticks, candles and joss paper, as well as a piece of red cloth and a sword, which the Lo Lo believe gets rid of evil spirits and bad luck.

To conduct the ceremony, the shaman gathers villagers and chants a prayer to the gods of the rain and wind and other genii from the four corners of the earth: "Please bring us a better life than last year. Please bless whatever we plant: rice, maize and beans. Once we plant a seed, let it become 10 seeds. Our rice plants will grow higher than the grass. Please offer us good weather and bumper crops and bring every family prosperity and happiness."

After the shaman finishes his chant, he burns the joss paper and offers the wine to the villagers. To conclude the ritual, the villagers then dance together.

Their dancing movements mimic the work of farming, such as rice terrace clearing and maize planting.

The Saturday event also presented to visitors the rice-planting rituals of the B'rau group in the Central Highlands province of Kon Tum.

Yesterday, there was a traditional wrestling contest and a bumper-crop praying ceremony of the San Chay group in the northern midland province of Phu Tho.

Today, the New Year Festival of the Cham people living in Binh Thuan Province will be staged, as will the cha chieng festival of the Thai group and the New Year gong festival of the Muong in Hoa Binh Province.

The husband-catching festival of the Chu Ru group in Lam Dong and the rain-praying ceremony of the Cor people in Quang Nam will also be on display.

Co-organised by the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism and the Culture Tourism Village of Vietnamese Ethnic Groups, the annual Sac Xuan Tren Moi Mien To Quoc festival aims to present the rich culture of Viet Nam's 54 ethnic groups to visitors and strengthen the solidarity between the groups. — VNS

GLOSSARY

A horse race featuring 16 ethnic Mong jockeys from the northern mountainous province of Lao Cai drew thousands of spectators to the Culture Tourism Village of Vietnamese Ethnic Groups on Saturday.

Ethnic Mong people are people who belong to the Mong community.

Spectators are people who watch an event.

 The event was part of the three-day Sac Xuan Tren Moi Mien To Quoc (Spring in Every Region Nationwide) festival, which stages the festive spring rituals of various ethnic groups.

A ritual is a formal ceremony in which things happen in a special order.

Since its restoration in 2007, it has drawn thousands of people every year, even though the horses are not professional racehorses.

By having undergone a restoration, the race has been brought back to what it once was.

Middle-aged visitor Tran Quang Hung said he was impressed by the brave ethnic jockeys, who rode without harnesses.

Harnesses are straps that are fitted to a horse so that the animal can be used as transport.

To conduct the ceremony, the shaman gathers villagers and chants a prayer to the gods of the rain and wind and other genii from the four corners of the earth: "Please bring us a better life than last year.

A shaman is a person who claims to have some link to the spiritual world. Many cultures use shamans to tell people what is happening in this "other" world.

Their dancing movements mimic the work of farming, such as rice terrace clearing and maize planting.

To mimic the work of farming means to act it out.

Co-organised by the Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism and the Culture Tourism Village of Vietnamese Ethnic Groups, the annual Sac Xuan Tren Moi Mien To Quoc festival aims to present the rich culture of Viet Nam's 54 ethnic groups to visitors and strengthen the solidarity between the groups.

Solidarity between groups means a feeling of them being together in order to support one another.

WORKSHEET

Find words that mean the following in the Word Search:

1.      Someone who rides a horse during a horse race.

2.      A crop that dancers mimic planting during a ritual.

3.      An animal the Mong people regard as family members.

4.      Meat from a pig.

5.      The wood that a khen is made from.

 

 

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© Duncan Guy/Learn the News/ Viet Nam News 2014




























1. Jockey; 2. Maize; 3. Horse; 4. Pork; 5. Bamboo.

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