|A teacher shows his students components of an electronic device in an IT class in Thanh Hoa Province's Hong Duc University. Information-and-communications-technology companies are facing a shortage of skilled workers although many universities train students in the sector. — VNA/VNS Photo Minh Quyet
HCM CITY (VNS) — Despite having a large number of universities specialising in information and communication technology, ICT companies are still short of candidates, a seminar heard in HCM City yesterday.
The ICT industry needs more than 600,000 labourers by 2020, but universities can meet only 60 per cent of the demand, according to the Information Technology Department under the Ministry of Information and Communications.
State agencies alone, excluding the ministries of Public Security and Defence, will need about 7,840 information security experts, but the number of graduate students majoring in information security will be only 4,600 by then, said To Hong Nam of the IT Department.
Viet Nam has about 400 universities, of which two-thirds have an ICT faculty, he said.
In addition, the poor quality of ICT graduate students remains a problem, he said.
A survey conducted by the HCM City Computer Association of 80 IT firms with a total of 6,330 IT staff showed that only 28 per cent of the employees met company needs, and the remaining had to be trained again.
Meanwhile, other companies were unable to seek enough labourers to meet development demand.
But on the other hand, many IT graduate students are unable to find a job or have to work in different sectors, although the demand for IT workers remains high, he said.
"That is because there is no common standard for graduate students, and each university has its own curriculum with different certificates, causing difficulties for labourers so they have to check again, and train again," he said.
To improve human resources quality for the ICT industry as well as create a common voice among stakeholders involved in the ICT human resource market, the ministry is drafting a set of ICT competence standards.
The standards cover knowledge and skills an individual must possess at a recognised level of competence in specific ICT fields, he said.
The competency standards on ICT provide a foundation for universities to build a suitable curriculum, for students to know what they need to be able to do, for companies to hire labourers, and for state management agencies to adjust human-resource development strategy for the industry, he said.
The standards will be a foundation for granting an ICT certificate, he added.
Nguyen Anh Tuan of the University of Information Technology said the ICT industry plays an important role in the country's economy.
"People working in this industry require many skills to perform their work efficiently," he said, adding that "besides being good at professional skills, they need to have good soft skills as well." — VNS