vegetable exports jump 31%
|A farmer harvests Cayen
pineapples at the HCM City’s Seedlings Company.—VNA/VNS Photo Pham
HA NOI — Viet Nam earned
almost US$235 million from fruit and vegetable exports this year, up 31.3 per
cent against 2004, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development figures show.
The country’s fruit and
vegetables are now available in 50 countries and regions.
Mainland China, with 42
per cent of the total revenue, was the major customer followed by Singapore and
Exports to France, the
Republic of Korea, Russia, Japan and the Netherlands posted increases of between
40-57 per cent.
Viet Nam has about
755,000ha of orchards that produce an estimated 6.5 million tonnes of fruit each
year, including 1.4 million tonnes of bananas, 800,000 tonnes of citrus and
590,000 tonnes of longan.
The Cuu Long (Mekong) River Delta has the most orchards – 231,000ha.
The southern delta is
expected to increase its orchards to 300,000ha next year and 420,000ha by 2010.
Next year’s harvest is
forecast to total 3.3 million tonnes and 4.6 million tonnes in 2010.
The ministry says the
growing of vegetables, fruit trees, cut flowers and ornamental plants will be a
major development in Viet Nam’s agriculture between now and 2010.
Orchard planting is
expected to then total 1.3 million ha and yield 20 million tonnes of fruits with
gross export revenue of $1 billion.
In 2006, orchards will be
expanded to 760,000ha, 5,000 ha higher than this year with export earnings of
The ministry has
encouraged the growing of such popular fruit as citrus, pineapple, mango,
longan, litchi, durian, mangosteen and star apple so as to meet the target.
It will also:
Help develop trademarks,
expand markets and boost vegetable-fruit processing;
Develop nurseries to
ensure a sufficient supply of fruit saplings for farmers; and Promote the
application of advanced technology for processing and preserving of fruit.
Total export revenue from
agriculture is expected to total $5.8 billion for this year, 29 per cent higher
than 2004, reports the Agriculture and Rural Development Ministry.
Main export earners were
rice, $1.4 billion, timber products, $1.5 billion, rubber, $772 million, and
coffee $718 million.
Simultaneously, Viet Nam
opened its markets in accordance with ASEAN’s Free Trade Area (AFTA) Common
Effective Preferential Tariffs scheme that reduces tariffs for imported
agro-forestry produce by 91 per cent, said the ministry’s planning department
deputy director Pham Thi Tuoc.
agro-forestry products were able to secure a firm foothold in competitive
markets like the European Union, the US and Japan, she said.
The signing of contracts
between enterprises and farmers had enabled a flow of agro-forestry produce to
the domestic market and secured supplies for exports.
Farmers and enterprises,
with support from relevant government agencies, had given the building of
trademarks special attention.
Examples were durian from
the Cuu Long (Mekong) province of Ben Tre that carried the trade mark R1-6, or
Chin Hoa, or Hoa Loc mango from Tien Giang or Thanh Ha litchi, from northern Hai
Trade promotion, including
trade mark development, market surveys, opening representative offices and
posting web sites cost about VND269 billion ($16.8 million) in 2005.
Of this VND169 billion was
from the State budget.
Deputy Agriculture and
Rural Development Minister Diep Kinh Tan said that most of the trade promotion
had focused only on exports although the domestic market consumed up to 70 per
cent of the produce.
"In the context of
international integration and trade liberalisation, Viet Nam’s agro-forestry
products have to compete in both the domestic and foreign markets," he
said. — VNS