HCM CITY — Most female workers in HCM City are employed in intensive-labour sectors with low incomes, long working hours and unfavorable working conditions, a new report finds.
They are also more vulnerable to unemployment due to low education levels and working skills, it says.
Female workers account for 50.3 per cent of the workforce in the city where more than 3.5 million labourers are employed, says the report released on Wednesday by the city's Centre for Labour Market Information and Human Resource Forecasting.
More than 70 per cent of labourers in the textile and garment, footwear and agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors are female, while most of the workers in transport, construction, telecommunications and information technology sectors are male.
Tran Anh Tuan, deputy director of the centre, said that developing sectors such as food processing, paper packing, electronics, plastics, textiles and garment would attract more female workers in the coming years.
Agriculture, fisheries and food processing, pottery, tourism, hospitality, entertainment and other service industries would attract around 60 per cent of female workers in the 2012-2015 period, Tuan said.
The city has created more than 1.3 million jobs over the past five years, and women accounted for more than 55 per cent of these, he said. —VNS