|Construction of a metro route underway in HCM City. — VNS/VNS Photo Mạnh Linh|Viet Nam News
HCM City — HCM City has asked the Government for an additional US$800 million for the metro No 2 line from Bến Thành to Tham Lương to accommodate design changes and permission to delay completion until 2024.
In 2010 the project was approved at a cost of $1.374 billion with basic design by the Transportation Construction and Investment Consultancy Joint Stock Company.
In 2012, after construction began, the investor brought in an international consultancy consortium led by a German firm to make a detailed design.
The latter identified many errors and rectified them.
Further increasing cost was due to the fact that inflation was built into the project only for until 2016, leading to an overrun since it has been delayed.
Earlier the metro No 1 route from Bến Thành to Suối Tiên saw its cost rise by 87 per cent over the initial estimate to VNĐ47 trillion ($2.1 billion) for exactly the same reason: inexperience of the local company in designing metro systems.
The cost of the first stage of the No 5 line from Bảy Hiền intersection to Sài Gòn Bridge also increased by 87 per cent to euro 1.56 billion ($1.85 billion) after international consultancies entered the scene.
Dr Huynh Thế Du, lecturer at Fullbright University, told Thanh Niên (Youth) newspaper that the city should review the entire metro project.
Việt Nam should learn from the experience of South Korea and China in building metro systems, he said. In the beginning they relied on international know-how and funding, but later domestic companies took over completely, he said.
“However, Việt Nam now has multiple foreign investors, limited funds and no policies to encourage technology transfer.” — VNS