Việt Nam could improve migrants’ access to public services and employment by reducing the time and number of requirements needed for residents to get a household registration certificate. — Photo plo.vn
HÀ NỘI – Việt Nam could improve migrants’ access to public services and employment by reducing the time and number of requirements needed for residents to get a household registration certificate, according to a report released yesterday.
The report, which was implemented by the World Bank and Việt Nam Academy of Social Sciences, said the gap in the access to services and employment between those who owned permanent and temporary household registration certificates must be narrowed.
At least 5.6 million people in five cities and provinces, including Hà Nội, HCM City, Đà Nẵng, Bình Dương and Đắk Nông, did not have permanent registration certificates at the time of the study.
Most of them were facing difficulties accessing public schools, buying health insurance or even registering motorcycles.
Vũ Hoàng Linh, economist with the poverty and equity global practice of the World Bank, said that those who failed to get permanent certificates faced job discrimination in public agencies and companies.
Their children were less likely to be in school than those with permanent registration certificates. They also faced limited access to health care services.
Achim Fock, the World Bank’s Acting Country Director for Việt Nam, said the study showed that the household registration system had created inequities in the opportunities for Vietnamese citizens.
Reform was necessary to assure that migrants had the same opportuninities to access to schools, health care and employment in the public sector. It would encourage people to move to cities and support the nation’s economic growth, he said.
Đặng Nguyên Anh, deputy director of the Việt Nam Academy of Social Sciences, said the certificate system was no longer relevant for managing and controlling Vietnamese society. It should be replaced by a more scientific and modern tool to make people’s lives easier and more inclusive, he said.
Household registration certificates began 50 years ago as a tool for public security and migration control. Few countries - including Việt Nam, China and the former Soviet Union countries - maintain the system that is linked to social services.
Most countries in the world have a system to register living places, but they are not linked to the access of local services. — VNS