HA NOI (VNS) — Commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions need to be translated into actions, said Louise Chamberlain, Country Director of UNDP.
The statement was made at a workshop held yesterday in Ha Noi by UNDP, the Deutsche Gesellschaft for International Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and the Viet Nam's Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, to identify opportunities, points of action as well as challenges Viet Nam needs to address by 2020 in order to be able to implement the Paris Agreement on climate change mitigation.
Chamberlain also said that in Viet Nam, it was clear that the energy and forestry sectors offer the greatest potential for emissions reduction and carbon sequestration.
"The energy sector relies heavily on fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum products for power generation. In order for Viet Nam's growing economy to reduce rather than increase its carbon footprint in the future, this must inevitably change," she said.
She also said the Government needed to take action soon because the country already suffered damage from storm surges and typhoons.
"Viet Nam has seen unprecedented saline water intrusion in the Mekong Delta and drought for example in Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan provinces, causing great distress for the economy and people's livelihoods," she added.
Speaking at the workshop, deputy minister of natural resources and environment Tran Hong Ha agreed with Chamberlain, saying that in order to implement the Paris Agreement, Viet Nam needed to consider approaching a sustainable production and consumption model.
"Viet Nam also needs to use energy and natural resources economically and effectively," he affirmed.
The Paris Agreement was approved at COP 21 in Paris in December 2015.
The Paris Agreement resolves the fundamental differences in the mitigation responsibilities of developed and developing countries. It is based on the principle that all countries should commit to continuously undertaking mitigation efforts of the highest ambition in years to come.
In terms of mitigation, Viet Nam's commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 8 per cent compared to the business-as-usual scenario will be considered by the international community and may be adjusted in 2018. — VNS