|Illustrative image. Doctors at the National Hospital for Tropical Diseases examine a patient suffering from meningococcal meningitis. — VNA Photo Duong Ngoc
HA NOI (VNS) — Ha Noi's first meningitis patient has come out of coma and is recovering well, Nguyen Trung Cap, deputy head of the National Hospital for Tropical Diseases' emergency ward, said.
The 30-year-old man from Ha Noi's Bac Tu Liem District had high developed fever, headache, nausea and blurred vision since Saturday. He was diagnosed with meningococcal meningitis at a local hospital and was then transferred to the National Hospital for Tropical Diseases on Monday.
The patient was isolated and treated, and tests showed that he had meningococcal meningitis, Cap said.
"After the treatment, the patient is fully conscious and afebrile. He can walk around and feed himself," he said.
Cap said the meningococcal disease is caused by the Neisseria meningitidis bacterium.
The bacteria can be carried in the throat and sometimes, for reasons not fully understood, can overwhelm the body's defences, allowing the infection to spread through the blood to the brain.
If not treated in time, the disease progresses and the patient can die, he said.
Cap said the meningococcal infection progresses so rapidly that anybody who develops symptoms such as sudden high fever, stiff neck and excessive sensitivity to light should go the hospital for examination and treatment as soon as possible.
Vaccination is one of the best preventive measures for the meningococcal disease and people can go to medical stations to be vaccinated against meningitis, he said.
When the first cases of meningitis are recorded, the preventive medicine centre should take the responsibility of supervising people who come in contact with the patient and take measures to ensure that the disease does not spread to the surrounding areas. — VNS