HA NOI (VNS) — Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung has ordered the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to extract over 2,000 tonnes of rice, maize and vegetable seeds from national reserves to support 11 provinces hardest hit by natural disasters this year.
A majority of the struggling provinces are in the north - Ha Nam, Hai Duong, Thai Binh, Ninh Binh, Bac Giang, Phu Tho and Quang Ninh - though four central provinces also made it onto the list: Quang Tri, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan.
The ministry will distribute 1,900 tonnes of rice seed, 148.6 tonnes of maize seed, and over 52 tonnes of vegetable seed.
The PM urged the Provincial People's Committees to set up management plans for the seed packages so that distribution and utilisation of the seed can begin as soon as possible.
Cultivation and production in the provinces were heavily affected by drought, storm and prolonged rains from July 25 to August 5.
In recent years, natural disasters have become more complex and unpredictable in scope and intensity, killing 500 people and costing the nation 1.5 per cent of annual GDP. Viet Nam is, according to this year's Global Climate Risk Index, among the top 10 countries most affected by climate change
The UN's Intended Nationally Decided Contributions report announced in mid-October that natural disasters may create damage equivalent to 3 to 5 per cent of the nation's GDP by 2030.
The first 10 months of this year illustrate the growing impacts: increasingly erratic weather patterns, unseasonably large floods in central provinces, a punishing cold spell in Sa Pa, acute heat in northern and central regions, serious droughts in the south central coast, historically high rainfall in Son La and Quang Ninh, severe landslides and salinisation in the Mekong Delta.
A National Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention report explained that the abnormal weather phenomena took its toll on human life, community assets, the economy and national food security. — VNS