HA NOI (VNS) — The information and technology (IT) skill standards introduced by the Ministry of Information and Communications will help training centres, employers and employees evaluate the competency of IT staff, experts have said.
In May, the ministry issued a decree outlining skill standards for professional staff in the IT sector, which took effect in June. According to the ministry, the country needs about 1 million IT staff by 2020.
The standards relate to the database, network system, system management, information security, software design and development.
According to the ministry, the standards are knowledge and skills that IT staff must master in order to perform tasks.
This is expected to narrow the disparity in quality among training centres and schools, which has caused difficulties for employers during the recruitment process.
The ministry also expects the move to allow certifications granted by domestic and international training centres to be mutually recognised.
Participants at a workshop aimed at speeding along the application process agreed that the standards would help improve IT staff performance, and would in turn allow staff to catch up with their counterparts around the world, Viet Nam Economics Times reported on Tuesday.
Dr. Nguyen Phuong Thai from the University of Technology within Ha Noi National University said the university was applying standards through a Japanese IT association.
He said the university also co-operated with IT companies to help students take tests to earn international IT certificates, which tend to be useful during job applications.
A representative from Posts and Telecommunications Institute of Technology said at the workshop that current training programmes at universities and colleges across the country helped develop IT skills to a degree.
However, lessons to develop the skills were primarily based on specific projects or job requirements, instead of being systematic.
Last month, at Tech Insider Expo 2015 – the biggest IT event of the year in Viet Nam - employers said it was hard to find enough qualified candidates. They said the biggest weakness of Vietnamese IT staff was English-language competency.
Pham Thi Xuan Nguyet, head of CSC Group's Human Resource Department, said many graduates failed to meet employers' requirements because they lacked experience, English language skills and knowledge about their expertise.
Ho Dinh Minh Tam, Nguyet's counterpart in Lazada Vietnam, said there is a gap between what students learned at schools and what employers required.
She said students in many universities still practised with outdated software programmes while the IT world underwent drastic changes.
Truong Gia Binh, president of the Viet Nam Software and IT Service Association, said the IT human resource shortage is not a new problem in Viet Nam, but it has worsened.
"The problem lies not only in the number, but also the quality of IT human resource," he said.
There are about 32,000 IT graduates in Viet Nam each year, but only 9,000 graduates are able to meet employers' requirements, and about 3,000 graduates have acceptable English competency. — VNS