|An aide-memoire on antimicrobial resistance is signed today by the ministries of health, agriculture and rural development, industry and trade, natural development and environment and Viet Nam-based development partners. — Photo Ministry of Health
HA NOI (VNS) — An aide-memoire on antimicrobial resistance has been signed today by the ministries of health, agriculture and rural development, industry and trade, natural development and environment and Viet Nam-based development partners.
The development partners are international organisations, such as WHO, FAO, UNICEF, USAID and the CDC and various international donors.
The deal forms part of the country's efforts to combat drug resistance in the fields of health care, agriculture and environment protection.
"Drug resistance has become a greater risk that is now threatening people's health and the economy of Viet Nam due to the increasing and uncontrolled use of antibiotics," said health minister Nguyen Thi Kim Tien at the signing ceremony.
Tien stressed that an alarming number of antibiotics can be found in our food supply and ecological environment, while the legal framework and regulation system are currently inadequate for supervision, prevention and coping with the multilateral risks of drug resistance.
Tien said an overall collaboration on policy and action between ministries and sectors with support from the community and development partners would be an important foundation for combating drug resistance in Viet Nam.
Under the framework of the aide-memoire, the two sides will take action together, following the national action plan 2013 on combating drug resistance.
They will also work together to develop communication and education plans to strengthen the community's awareness on the reasonable use of antibiotics.
According to a 2009 survey on drug resistance, reported by 15 hospitals in Ha Noi, HCM City, Hai Phong, Hue and Da Nang, 30-70 per cent of gram-negative bacteria were resistant to cephalosporins of the third and fourth generations and nearly 40-60 per cent were resistant to aminoglycosides and flouroquinolones.
On average, 274.7 defined daily doses (DDD) of antibiotics are consumed per 100 occupied bed days (100 day-bed) in Viet Nam. The rate was significantly higher compared to that of the Netherlands with 58.1 DDD/100 day-bed or that of hospitals in 30 European countries at 49.6 DDD/100 day-bed. — VNS