|Ethnic children in the northern mountainous province of Lao Cai's Man Than Primary School. Boosting support for poor ethnic people is one of goals targeted in a national programme on sustainable poverty reduction by 2020. — VNS Photo Thai Ha
HA NOI (VNS) — The national programme on sustainable poverty reduction until 2020 will be aimed at speeding up the process, preventing people from re-entering poverty situations - and creating conditions for the poor to access basic social services.
This was agreed by experts at a conference collecting ideas for the programme's policies in Ha Noi on Wednesday.
Basic social services include medicine, education, accommodation, clean water and hygiene.
The programme will also aim at decreasing the average number of poor households in the country by 1-1.5 per cent per year.
The Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs estimated the fund for the five-year programme would be VND42.8 trillion (US$2 billion), most of it from the State budget.
The fund will be used for six projects. They are building infrastructure in poor communes and districts in island and coastal areas, expanding models of sustainable poverty reduction, supporting poor households and poor ethnic minorities working abroad, disseminating and improving the programme's supervision and assess.
Speaking at the conference, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Van Ninh asked ministries to set up detailed plans for projects in the programme.
Ninh said that the Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Planning and Investment should give priority to areas with high rates of poor households.
He said localities should pay attention to improving work force standards for manufacturing.
"Experience shows that by investing in sustainable manufacture, poverty reduction will be sustainable and bring about many other social effects," said Ninh.
Ninh asked the two ministries to increase loans designed for the poor and to let more poor households, households living near the poverty line and households escaping from poverty borrow funds.
Because "bad debts after giving poor households loans from social policy banks and trade banks are very low, only 0.4-0.5 per cent of the total", he said. — VNS