|The national poverty had fallen from 14.2 per cent at the end of 2012 to 6 per cent at the end of last year, but in many ethnic communities, the rate was 50 per cent and even 70 per cent in some places. — Photo laodong
HCM CITY (VNS) — Poverty reduction efforts are not achieving uniform results notwithstanding the fact that the ratio of poor has reduced sharply in many disadvantaged communes and districts, delegates heard at the closing session of the 10th plenary of the National Assembly's Social Affairs Committee in HCM City yesterday.
Deputy Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs Ministry Nguyen Thanh Hoa said the national poverty had fallen from 14.2 per cent at the end of 2012 to 6 per cent at the end of last year, but in many ethnic communities, the rate was 50 per cent and even 70 per cent in some places.
Deputy chairman of the house's Social Affairs Committee, Do Manh Hung, pointed out that there were overlaps between the ministry's poverty reduction programme and the national new rural building programme in areas like subsidies for rural residents and support for infrastructure and education.
Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs Pham Thi Hai Chuyen said, "The Government has ordered the finance; planning and investment; and labour, invalids and social affairs ministries to study and provide solutions for eliminating such overlaps."
She said her ministry would study what ratio of poor households could not improve because of diseases, lack of income and lack of able-bodied members to work before adopting proper policies for them.
"In September the ministry will come up with a new poverty threshold because the current one is very low and does not reflect the real situation."
To ensure poverty reduction was sustainable, delegate Pham Duc Chau said efforts should be focused on localities with the highest number of poor households, with programmes implemented simultaneously to prevent people who have climbed out of poverty from falling back into it.
The meeting also heard the ministry's report on socio-economic goals, national programmes on vocational training and jobs, controlling prostitution, achieving gender equality and ensuring labour safety and hygiene.
Many members said the Government should consider lowering the targets for vocational training and proportion of skilled workers.
The 10th plenary session of the Social Affairs Committee ended yesterday after a three-day session.
At the session, members heard reports from the ministries of Public Security and Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs on drug fighting in 2011-15, gender equality, use and management of the Social Insurance Fund, the Labour Safety Law, and State management of medical licensing.
Drug addicts on the rise
Earlier on Tuesday, Deputy Minister of Public Security, Senior Lieutenant General Le Quy Vuong, told the meeting that the number of drug addicts in Viet Nam was growing.
In 2014, the country had more than 204,000 registered drug addicts, up 42.7 per cent from 2010, Vuong said. He added that the types of people becoming addicted now included students, athletes and intellectuals.
Bui Sy Loi, deputy head of the committee, said the Ministry of Public Security was closely working with border and sea police and customs to control the entry of illicit drugs.
He said authorities knew of more than 250 meeting places where drug users gathered throughout Viet Nam, adding that many places in northwest border communes were unable to control drug-related crime.
To deal with the problems, Vuong said the ministry would devise a drug prevention programme for 2016-20 to submit to the Government.
During the meeting, delegates also heard a report on the implementation of the national target programme on gender equality and the use and management of social insurance for 2014. — VNS