|Deputy general secretary of the Vietnam Union of Science and Technology Associations (VUSTA) Pham Bich San speaks at the event.— Photo baodatviet
HA NOI (VNS) — Viet Nam's rapid economic development caused problems that were difficult for the State to supervise, such as uncontrolled urbanisation, environmental pollution and low-quality education and healthcare, experts said at a conference yesterday in Ha Noi.
Deputy general secretary of the Vietnam Union of Science and Technology Associations (VUSTA) Pham Bich San said the country had recently implemented new regulations and legal corridors for social supervision, such as confidence votes on the performance of Government leaders. Moreover, a series of laws currently being compiled would create new opportunities for social supervision, such as the law on referendum and the law on rights of information accessing.
State agencies also improved their social supervision by setting up citizen reception units and organising social supervision activities, he said. For instance, the Ministry of Home Affairs had the Public Administration Performance Index, the Ministry of Health conducted hospital assessments and the Ministry of Education and Training surveyed residents to measure their satisfaction with educational services.
San said that in Viet Nam, social supervision was implemented by state agencies and social organisations such as the Viet Nam Fatherland Front, associations, community organisations and non-governmental organisations. Information on social supervision was published online and in print and contained in reports sent to appropriate authorities as well as discussion by National Assembly committees.
Ta Van Tuan, country director of Australian Foundation for the Peoples of Asia and the Pacific (AFAP), said that the basic principle of social supervision was to ensure that the ways to participate was simple and encourage relevant agencies to have ideas and measures.
"Positive change from social supervision occurs only when the accountability receiver wants to listen to criticism and is brave enough to change," said Tuan.
Experts at the conference also agreed that organisations, State agencies and the National Assembly should work together to set up a complete system of social supervision.
The conference was organised by AFAP and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). — VNS