|Quoting a recent survey, Nga stressed that a majority of these workers struggled to reintegrate into the labour market because of the lack of information and employment services, as well as financial difficulties.— Photo dantri
HA NOI (VNS) — There is no policy yet to support workers returning from overseas in finding suitable jobs and taking advantage of their incomes gained overseas, say officials and experts.
Dao Cong Hai, Deputy Director of the Department of Overseas Labour (DOLAB), said at a recent workshop that 50 out of 63 cities and provinces have no records of the number of workers who returned from overseas, implying on the urgent need for such a database.
Trinh Thu Nga, from the Institute of Labour Science and Social Affairs (ILSSA), said the involvement of State management agencies, local authorities and social organisations in supporting returning workers to reintegrate into the community and the labour market was still limited and weak.
Quoting a recent survey, Nga stressed that a majority of these workers struggled to reintegrate into the labour market because of the lack of information and employment services, as well as financial difficulties.
She added that these workers wanted support to either return to work overseas or to find a suitable job at home, or be self-employed.
She said that more than 80 per cent of the workers said they had managed to find a job soon after their return, but only around 9 per cent said they found a job relevant to their work overseas.
Nga explained that a similar job might not be available in Viet Nam, and if it was, it was done with different equipment and technologies.
Pham Minh Duc from the Center of Overseas Labour said that many workers did not want to return home upon the expiry of their labour contracts and tried to overstay and reside illegally overseas.
He added that one challenge for workers was their demand for higher salaries than those being earned by domestic workers in the same profession.
Nga said most of the workers (90 to 95 per cent) returned home with higher professsional discipline, better social awareness, better skills and the bonus of some foreign language skills.
She added that a high percentage of the surveyed returning workers left their hometown to work in the cities, indicating the problem of brain drain in rural areas and increased social pressures in urban areas.
She said the Government should have policies instructing local authorities to help workers make better use of their savings and skills gained overseas.
Policies to support workers who returned home before the expiry of their labour contracts due to external factors should also be put in place, Nga added.
Duc, from the Centre of Overseas Labour, said that since 2012, the centre had been assigned by the labour ministry to work towards finding jobs for workers upon their return.
He said the centre would organise job fairs and develop a database of employers with a high demand for workers who return from overseas.
According to the Department of Overseas Labour, approximately 560,000 Vietnamese are working in 49 countries and territories in 30 types of professions. An average 80,000 new workers are sent overseas each year. — VNS