HA NOI (VNS)— Investment in education and training is key if ethnic people living in remote areas are to overcome poverty, National Assembly (NA) deputies suggested at a conference on the socio-economic development in these regions.
According to government reports, people of ethnic minorities residing in upland areas have been facing many difficulties due a lack of infrastructure systems and flaws in agricultural production technology that is holding back production.
There is only 0.1 ha of farming land per capita, with the situation particularly difficult in Pa Then, which has only 0.04 ha available. The annual average income per capita is currently VND2.17 million (US$103), but this figure is much lower in ethnic minorities like Chut and Lo Lo, where it reaches only VND1.6 million ($76).
More than 54.2 per cent of households are living in poverty in these areas.
Deputy chairwomen of Lao Cai Province's People's Committee, Ha Thi Nga, said the Ministry of Education and Training should co-ordinate with relevant agencies to make changes in education methodology for ethnic children, especially at kindergarten and primary levels so they can develop appropriate knowledge.
Meanwhile, Deputy head of the NA delegation from Cao Bang Province, La Ngoc Thong, said it is necessary for authority officers working in these areas to attend training courses so that they can better deal with land, production and accommodation issues.
Only when the abilities of officers are improved can state policies be effectively implemented, he said.
Vice President of NA's Ethnic Council, Trieu Thi Nai, said that a limited knowledge of science and technology has limited the production activities of ethnic people in remote regions.
Experts also said that targeted investment projects had largely failed to meet development demand.
Nai said that these projects have been inadequate for boosting development.
She suggested that the Government should allocate more resources for the improvement of infrastructure systems.
Deputy chairwoman of the NA, Tong Thi Phong, said relevant agencies should co-ordinate with each other in order to solve issues that are hindering the development of the ethnic people. —VNS